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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Ethiopia,   pp. 679-717 PDF (13.5 MB)

Page 712

  Consul Hughes reported in despatch of March 22, 1937, that mis-
sionaries stated they had received no offer of payment for rent or
purchase of properties already occupied by Italians.
  The Amba8sador in Italy (Phillip8) to the Secretary of State
No. 473                                       ROME, July 8, 1937.
                                              [Received July 21.]
   SIR: With reference to my despatch No. 433 of June 17, 1937,
regarding the closing of foreign mission schools in Ethiopia, I have
the honor to report that Monsignor Joseph P. Hurley, American
Attache to the office of the Secretary of State of the Holy See, called
upon me this morning evidently at the request of the Holy See and
for the purpose of communicating the following to the Department
of State. Recently there has come to the attention of the Holy See
the fact that an impression was gaining ground in high circles to the
effect that the expulsion of foreign missionaries from Ethiopia had
been furthered in some way by the influence of the Catholic Church.
Monsignor Hurley called, he said, to tell me the actual situation. Im-
mediately following Mr. Eden's statement in the House of Commons
on June 14th,19 in which he announced the decision of the Italian
Government that all foreign teaching in Ethiopia should cease, the
Holy See addressed a written communication to the Italian Govern-
ment pointing out the Vatican's historic rights in the matter of se-
lection of their own teachers in any part of the world. In this case,
therefore, the Holy See reserves its right to send to Ethiopia any
Catholic missionaries which they desire, whether they may be French,
English, or American catholics, or any other nationality. In the
same communication the Holy See pointed out the dangers involved
to the Catholic Church in the matter of reprisals by other govern-
ments: that there were at least ten important catholic missions in
India with many Italian members; there were also important missions
in Africa, also with Italian membership. The Italian Government
was at the same time reminded that the Apostolic Delegate in Wash-
ington, Monsignor Cicognani, was an Italian who had always received
the utmost courtesy and consideration from the American authorities.
  There has been no reply as yet from the Italian Government to
this note. In conclusion, Monsignor Hurley emphasized that the
above communication from the Holy See to the Italian Government
   United Kingdom, Parliamentary Debates, House of Commons, 1936-37, vol.
325, col. 4.

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