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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Ethiopia,   pp. 679-717 PDF (13.5 MB)

Page 708

  I remonstrated strongly against this decision saying that in my
opinion it would be very badly received throughout the United States
inasmuch as the work of American missions abroad was widely and
generously supported in all communities. It seemed a pity, I added,
that just at a time when so many international difficulties and problems
required adjustment the Italian Government should adopt a course
which would antagonize at once so many people and be open to so
many unfavorable constructions.
  Ciano replied that he himself had done everything he could to avoid
this step which, however, had been taken by the Duce himself acting
with all the pros and cons before him. He said it was the Duce's desire
that teaching by foreigners in Ethiopia should cease.
365D.1163/83: Telegram
  The Amrbassador in Italy (Phillips) to the Secretary of State
                                    ROME, June 13, 1937-11 a. m.
                                  [Received June 13-7:59 a. m.]
  274. My 272, June 11, 11 a. m. The British Ambassador has just
received a written communication from Count Ciano confirming the
decision that the educational work of the foreign missionaries in Ethi-
opia must cease, that the missionaries would be withdrawn and the
mission properties taken over by the Italian Government. The letter
continued that in so far as the purely humanitarian and social work
of the missionaries was concerned this phase might again be considered
after recognition of the Empire.
  It is understood that the new order will apply to all foreign units
including American, British, Swedish and a small French Catholic
365D.1163/82: Telegram
    The Secretary of State to the Ambassador in Italy (Phillips)
                             WASHINGTON, June 14, 1937-3 p. m.
  102. Your 272, June 11, 11 a. m. The Department fully approves
of your statement to Count Ciano.
  Inasmuch as publicity was given to the assurances formerly given
you that American missionaries would be permitted to remain in Ethi-
opia it will of course be necessary, in view of the general public inter-
est in the matter, to make announcement of the changed situation.
You may if you consider it desirable inform Count Ciano, who will

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