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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Ethiopia,   pp. 679-717 PDF (13.5 MB)

Page 695

had reported that Count Ciano had asked that the statement not be
made before Hughes's departure, whereupon we had replied that we
would accede to the Foreign Minister's wishes in that regard, but that
the news of the withdrawal of our offices would no doubt become public
by reason of the necessity to give notice of termination of the lease and
to arrange for the packing of all the effects and also the necessity for
notifying those few Americans who remained in Ethiopia that there
would no longer be any Government offices there after the departure
of Mr. Hughes. We had told Mr. Phillips that in response to any
inquiries on the part of the press as a result of our intentions becom-
ing known we would make reply in the sense of the statement which
we had expected to give out before Engert's departure. That state-
ment merely said that because there were no commercial relations
between Ethiopia and the United States and as the Americans in that
country were all accounted for the offices were being closed.
  The Ambassador said that the Italian Government had hoped that
we might have been induced to delay the departure of the Consul
and that we might eventually have adopted a course similar to that
followed by Great Britain and France, that is, withdraw our diplo-
matic representation and leave a consular officer there to represent us.
He also asked whether our action in withdrawing our offices entirely
was to be construed with having any relationship with the question
of recognition of Italian authority over Ethiopia.
  I told the Ambassador that the position of the French and British
Governments was quite different from our own as we had no commer-
cial interests in Ethiopia and both Governments had not only com-
mercial interests but other interests by reason of having colonies or
mandated territories adjacent to Ethiopia. I further said that our
action in closing the offices in Addis Ababa had no effect upon the
question of recognition.
  I further pointed out that at the same time we had arranged to close
the offices in Addis Ababa we had put into effect arrangements for
closing our consular offices at Kingston, Sault Ste. Marie (in Canada),
and our consulate at Tripoli.
  The Ambassador appeared to find satisfactory the answers which
I put to the questions he had brought up.
                                          JAMES CLMENT DUNN
765.84/5211 Telegram
   The Charge in Ethiopia (Hughes) to the Secretary of State
                           ADDIs ABABA, March 14, 1937-10 a. m.
                                  [Received March 15-5: 20 p. m.]
  79. Local situation has been superficially quiet for 2 days but there
is feeling of pessimism and gloom among Italians and foreigners.

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