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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa
(1937)

Poland,   pp. 525-563 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 559


                               POLAND                             559
is organizing a strong resistance to the establishment of the "ghetto"
-in the universities and other institutions of higher education.
  Numerous nationalistic Poles take it for granted that the extension
of the ghetto system in Poland is both desirable and inevitable as
time passes and greet with satisfaction movements such as the one
under discussion in that direction. Anti-Semitic circles, naturally,
express great satisfaction with any new development tending further
to segregate the Jews in Poland, and I am attaching hereto as in-
dicative of that feeling a translation of an article60 entitled "The
University Ghetto" which appeared in the Warsaw Warszawski
Dziennik Narodowy of October 6, 1937.§
  Respectfully yours,                       A. J. DREXEL BIDDLE, JR.
860C.4016/516
  The Ambassador in Poland (Biddle) to the Secretary of State
                               [Extracts]
No. 209                                   WARSAW, October 20, 1937.
                                              [Received November 2.]
  Sm: Supplementing my despatch No. 187 of October 1 ° and earlier
despatches from this Mission reporting developments affecting the
Jewish situation in Poland, I have the honor to inform the Depart-
ment that it is apparent at Warsaw that the higher officials of the
Polish Government are becoming gravely concerned at the reaction
in foreign countries, particularly the United States and Great Britain,
to the recent increase in the number and seriousness of anti-Semitic
incidents in Poland.
  In several conversations Colonel Beck 6 has given me the very defi-
nite impression that he was well aware of the force and significance
of the reaction abroad to anti-Jewish activities in Poland, and I have
  '" Not printed.
  §The official Polish Telegraph Agency P. A. T. released the following
state-
ment on October 8, 1937, which indicates that the Government initiated the
action of the rectors: "The Minister of Cults and Public Education received
on
the 7th of this month a delegation of Jewish members of the Diet and Senate,
senators Schorr and Trockenheim and members of the Diet Gottlieb, Mincberg,
Rubinstein and Sommerstein.
  The Minister stated that during the last meeting of the Rectors of the
Uni-
versities he appealed to them that, keeping within the University laws and
regulations that empowers the rectors to take certain measures to preserve
peace and order, they should use all the means there are at their disposal
to
prevent acts of violence taking place.
  The regulations issued by the rectors have this aim. By reserving separate
seats for individual students or for the members of the various university
asso-
ciations, the rectors have made an attempt to keep order at the universities
and
prevent fights for seats from taking place." [Footnote in the original.]
  61 Jozef Beek, Polish Minister for Foreign Affairs.


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