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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa
(1937)

Poland,   pp. 525-563 PDF (14.2 MB)


Page 548


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1937, VOLUME II
spite the Foreign Office's denials, the enclosures confirm a long-stand-
ing practice of the Ministry of Industry and Comnmerce, one more-
over that the Foreign Office itself communicated to the Embassy by
note verbale of October 23, 1933.2
  The Consulate General has examined several other permits for
American goods issued since February 9, 1937, and bearing the direct-
shipment clause, but has either been unable to borrow them long enough
for photographing or been refused permission to have them photo-
graphed.
  With regard to the previously reported statement by an official of
the Ministry of Industry and Commerce that import permits for
shipments of small value would not be stamped with the direct ship-
ment clause, an official of the section that actually issues the permits
recently informed the Consulate General that permits for shipments
of ordinary merchandise weighing less than 100 kilograms did not
bear the clause in question. In this connection, the Consulate General
recently examined an import permit for 15 kilograms of American
leather which was not stamped with the clause.
  The aspect of this entire matter that has most impressed this office
is the unanimity with which importers other than of cotton regard
the direct shipment clause with favor. Some even go so far as to
oppose its abolition and in their cases the Consulate General has ac-
tually met with resistance in efforts to obtain information from them
in the matter. One of their arguments is that it prevents inferior
German goods from entering Poland under the guise of having been
produced in the United States. All importers consulted in recent
months have stated that they would ship direct whether the permit was
so stamped or not, because the existing direct steamship facilities are
adequate, besides being the cheapest in the end.
  The second above-quoted official has informed the Consulate General
that in practice permits are stamped with the clause because importers
usually answer affirmatively the question in their applications as to
whether they will ship direct or not, the latter consideration being
confirmed by numerous importers in statements to this office. Still
disregarding cotton, it may be added that the only requests to this
office for the clause's removal occurred a year or more ago and resulted
from the failure of American exporters to comply with the Polish
buyer's specific instructions to ship direct.
  With respect to raw cotton, that product is exempted from the
requirement of an import permit. The quantity imported is regulated
by autonomous quotas fixed by the Ministry of Industry and Com-
merce in consultation with the spinners, who are entrusted with the
4' Not printed.
548


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