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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Italy,   pp. 435-506 PDF (27.1 MB)

Page 468

  The Ambassador stated that he had been informed by his Foreign
Office that the Italian Government had made a declaration to the
American Ambassador in Rome to the effect that after December 31,
1937, Italy would terminate the preferences now in force with regard
to products from the Danubian countries with the exception of
Austria, and that his Government had furnished to the American
Embassy in Rome a list of the preferences which Italy would grant
to Austria after December 31, 1937. The Ambassador further stated
that his Government expressed the hope that negotiation of the new
Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Italy and
the United States would be concluded in time for the treaty to be
signed and ratified before December 15 next, the date of the expiration
of the old treaty.
  Mr. Sayre said that we also had been informed by our Ambassador
in Rome of this declaration of the Italian Government and that our
Embassy in Rome had received a list of the preferences to be granted
to Austria by Italy after December 31, 1937, and that we had asked
our Ambassador to cable us this preference data. Mr. Sayre expressed
the gratification of this Government upon hearing that the Italian
Government had desired to furnish us with the information we had
for some time requested with regard to preferences granted by that
Government to the Danubian countries and stated that in his opinion
there was no reason why the negotiations for the new treaty should not
proceed as rapidly as possible with the particular view of endeavoring
to have the treaty signed before December 15. Mr. Sayre then went
on to point out that there were several reasons which would make it
impossible to accomplish the ratification of the treaty by December
15, giving as instances the fact that there are some matters involved
in the treaty upon which further clarification will be necessary before
the treaty is ready for signature, among them, the following points-:
  (1) The article relating to military service.
  (2) Article 8; clarification of the provisions of that article.
  (3) Article 19 (that part of the article which contains the safe-
guarding clause for the protection of the right to act under neutrality
  (4) Article 20, relating to the territorial application of the treaty.
  Mr. Sayre further mentioned the fact that the Senate required,
before they would consent to consider the ratification of any treaty,
an original copy, which would require the time necessary for the treaty
to arrive in Washington after its signature, presumably in Rome, and
in view of the fact that the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations,
which considered ratifications of treaties in the first instance, had no
set time for meeting, it was never possible to know when consideration
by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee would be undertaken after
a treaty was laid before them by the President.

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