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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa

Germany,   pp. 319-405 PDF (32.6 MB)

Page 342

rency advantages of other countries brought about by devaluation,
and that it does not go beyond that scope.
  IV. With respect to the statistics concerning the exports of the
United States, Germany and other countries to Brazil, the following
observations are to be made:
  The exports of the United States to Brazil, as a whole, have in-
creased since 1934, even if the percentage share of the United States
in the total imports of Brazil has become somewhat smaller. If in
the case of individual goods imports from the United States have
decreased, this decrease was not caused by an increase of German
imports into Brazil but rather by an increased import of these goods
on the part of other countries with which, it may be mentioned, the
United States has most favored nation agreements. This, for in-
stance, is the case with sewing machines from Canada, railroad equip-
ment, locomotive engines and railroad cars from Great Britain and
Belgium. Moreover, more than half of the total imports of Brazil
from the United States consists of goods which Germany does not
export to South America at all or, at most, only in comparatively
limited quantities. While the United States exports to Brazil auto-
mobiles, gasoline, petroleum, mineral oils, rubber materials, radio
-sets, tin plates, fruits, fruit and vegetable juices, tar, wheat, etc.,
German exports to Brazil comprise quite different categories of goods,
as coal, pharmaceutical preparations, oats, hops, skins, leather, aniline
dyes, etc.
  The figures quoted in the Aide-Mermoire with respect to the per-
centage share of the German Reich and the United States in Brazilian
imports, alone, do not present a correct picture, inasmuch as they
start only with the imports since 1934. In order to determine the
question whether German competition, in fact, has forced back
American imports to Brazil it is important to consider also the import
figures of Brazil during the years preceding the World War. They
present the following picture:
                   PERCENTAGES OF TOTAL IMpoirrs:
                                  Germany        U. S. A.
          1907                     15,3          12, 8
          1908                     14,9          12,1
          1909                     15, 6         12, 4
          1910                     15,9          12,8
          1911                     16,8          13, 3
          1912                     17,2          15,6
          1913                     17, 5         15, 7.
  Within the seven years before the World War Germany's share in
Brazilian imports therefore was always larger than that of the United

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