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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa
(1937)

France,   pp. 275-318 PDF (16.0 MB)


Page 318


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1937, VOLUME II
No safe conduct can, however, be granted to such persons whose de-
linquency arose after December 31, 1926. Persons coming within the
categories to whom safe conducts may be issued should, before pro-
ceeding to France, apply for such a document at a French Consulate in
the United States or the French Embassy in Washington, D. C. Safe
conducts are generally valid for a period of three or four months.
The period mentioned in the safe conduct should be scrupulously ob-
served and the bearer should refrain from performing any act which
may be considered as an express or implied waiver of the rights and
advantages granted by the safe conduct.
  American citizens of French origin visiting France should under-
stand that a French visa of their passport does not relieve them from
any military or other obligations in the country to which they may
be liable. The visa cannot be regarded as a safe conduct. Safe con-
ducts are always separate documents.
D. EXEMPTION OF AMERICAN CITIZENS OF FRENCH ORIGIN FROM MILI-
    TARY OBLIGATIONS IN FRANCE UNDER THE DECREE LAW OF OcTOBmr
    30, 1935
  Under the French decree law of October 30, 1935, which became
effective October 31, 1935, the date of its promulgation, those French
citizens who proceeded for residence to countries outside of Europe
and not bordering on the Mediterranean, before the commencement of
the formalities incident to the calling of their class to the colors, are
exempt from military service, provided there is no French military
unit sufficiently near to the place of residence into which such persons
can be incorporated. It is understood that the United States is one
of the areas in which the exemption is effective. However, if before
reaching the age of 30 years, the persons concerned should, by reason
of change of residence, no longer be in a position to take advantage of
this exemption, they are bound to perform the period of active service
due by their recruiting class. It is understood that persons entitled
to exemption from military service under the provisions of the decree
law of October 30, 1935, may be authorized to visit France for a period
of three months each year, which period is cumulative but ordinarily
will not be permitted to exceed one year. American citizens who may
be entitled to the privilege of visits to France without fear of molesta-
tion under the decree law of October 30, 1935, should before departure
for that country request the French consul to whom they apply for a
visa to furnish them with a written statement of their exemption from
military service and of the period for which they may safely visit
France.
  It is the understanding of the Department that the benefits of the
decree of October 30, 1935, do not apply to persons who had attained
French military service age and become delinquent prior to October
31, 1935, but that its provisions do apply to persons attaining
French military service age after that date.
318


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