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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. The British Commonwealth, Europe, Near East and Africa
(1937)

United Kingdom ,   pp. 1-135 PDF (51.1 MB)


Page 31


UNITED KINGDOM
trade agreements with countries whose exports to the United States
consist predominantly of primary products, unless improved oppor-
tunities for the exportation of American agricultural and other pri-
mary products, of the kind involved in the requests for concessions
made in the memorandum of March 2, be obtained.
  5. The considerations set forth above have a special applicability
in the case of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions. With
reference to the third paragraph of the United Kingdom Govern-
mnent's memorandum of April 13, it may be pointed out that whatever
direct compensations the United Kingdom Government may or may
not be in a position to offer the Dominions, the Dominions cannot
fail to benefit from a policy of cooperation in this matter. A satis-
factory agreement between the United States and the United King-
dom would pave the way for similar agreements between the United
States and the Dominions, negotiations with which must necessarily
remain in abeyance until it is ascertained whether a basis for a com-
prehensive trade agreement between the United States and the United
Kingdom can be found. Moreover, in so far as economic relation-
ships among the countries of the British Empire can be harmonized
with the possibilities of expanding world trade, the movement for a
-constructive economic world program, from which all countries would
enjoy immeasurable benefit, will, to a vital extent, be strengthened
and assured of success. Above all, success in this field of effort will
serve the supreme end of promoting world peace.
  6. With reference to the fifth paragraph of the United Kingdom
Government's memorandum under reference, in which it is stated
that in general the Government of the United Kingdom would be
unable to entertain proposals involving the binding of existing "reve-
nue" duties, it would be. appreciated if the Government of the United
Kingdom would explain the sense in which the term "revenue" duties
is used in this connection.
  7. The United Kingdom Government, in its memorandum of April
13, points out that concessions which it would be necessary for the
United Kingdom Government to make in a comprehensive trade agree-
ment with the United States might be regarded as undesirable not
only by certain producers in the Dominions, but also by some pro-
ducers in the United Kingdom. The United States Government must
also envisage the possibility that the concessions which the United
States would be called upon to make in such an agreement might like-
wise be regarded as undesirable by many producers in this country.
Difficulties of this nature are not to be avoided if any progress is to
be made in reducing the barriers which are impeding international
trade. It may be safely anticipated, however, that such immediate
effects as the mutual concessions may have upon certain producers
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