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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1937. General

Analyses and reports of general political developments in Europe affecting the maintenance of international order and the preservation of peace,   pp. 24-214 PDF (74.1 MB)

Page 31

outside interference, through volunteers or otherwise, and that as a
menace to European peace, the crisis was over. In the opinion of the
writer the face saving process for Hitler was in progress and that the
policy of withdrawals from Spain had been agreed upon at least
as a policy to be aimed at. Further the opinion was unanimous that
the peoples of Europe did not want war. It was significant that this
expression came from official sources.
  Ambassador Dodd was most courteous and helpful.
740.00/104: Telegram
  The Minister in Switzerland (Wilson) to the Secretary of State
                                GENEVA, January 25, 1937-3 p. m.
                                [Received January 25-2:40 p. m.]
  378. Conversations here both with British and French have clari-
fied in my mind the policy which the two Governments may be ex-
pected to adopt in regard to Germany.
  In his recent series of speeches Eden has embodied his philosophical
conception of modern democracy with the intention of making clear
to the British public his attitude toward the Continent and particu-
larly towards Germany. This attitude may be summarized in a
series of points: (a) No organization or combination to threaten
Germany; (b) commitments by Great Britain to perform such acts
only as the British Cabinet is convinced the public will carry through
at a moment of crisis; (c) such commitments to be unequivocal and
visible; (d) no further piecemeal concessions to Germany in the
hope of appeasing the appetite of that country; (e) an open willing-
ness to treat Germany's needs with the utmost generosity if and when
the German Government indicates a disposition to enter into real
cooperation with the states of Europe and make a thorough-going
agreement which will guarantee the peace of Europe.
  It appears that Blum had under consideration further piecemeal
concessions to Germany. For that reason Eden stopped in Paris
to expound to him the British conception which lay behind Eden's
declarations. My informants were convinced that Eden had im-
pressed Blum, and the latter's speech yesterday in Lyon seems to
confirm this idea.
  This vigorous British leadership is the result of that return to self-
confidence in Great Britain which I analyzed in my despatch 4731,
December 21, 1936,23 and is probably indicative of the guiding prin-
ciples that will determine the relations of Great Britain and France
towards Germany, at least for the immediate future.
23 Not printed.

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