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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1934. Europe, Near East and Africa

Turkey,   pp. 894-990 PDF (36.1 MB)

Page 988

the powers signatory to the Straits Convention. Then, if one of these
powers so desires, it can request the Council to consider the merits of
any suggestion the Commission may make." He then proposed the
following resolution which was adopted by the Council on July
16, 1927:
  "The Council:
  Takes note of the report which the Straits Commission, in fulfil-
ment of its duties under the auspices of the League of Nations, has
submitted to it on its work during the year 1926.
  And communicates this report for any necessary action to the
States signatories of the Convention and for information to the States
Members of the League.
  The Minutes of the present meeting shall be attached to this com-
  The Secretary-General is also authorised to communicate the Straits
Commission's report and the Minutes of the present meeting, for any
necessary action, to any technical organizations of the eague to
which the information contained in the report may be of interest.
  The Council also requests the Secretary-General, as a standing rule,
to forward the future reports of the Straits Commission as soon as
they are received to the Members of the Council and States signa-
tories of the Convention."
  A further attempt by the Commission to obtain League action was
made in 1929 when a squadron of 34 hydroplanes of the Italian Air
Force flew to the Black Sea via the Straits. The consent of the Turkish
Government had been obtained for the passage of the Straits, but the
Commission reported to the League that the presence of 34 aircraft in
the Black Sea at a time when the air force of the strongest Black Sea
fleet (Soviet Russia) consisted of only 21 seaplanes, was in conflict
with the provisions of the Straits Convention. The Commission's
report concluded with the statement that "the Commission would be
glad if the League would settle for the future the differences of inter-
pretation in connection with the entry of naval and air forces into
the Black Sea, in order that no such case may recur". The Commis-
sion's report of the incident was forwarded by the Secretariat to the
interested powers, but as no state saw fit to raise the question in the
Council, no action was taken by the League.
  Up to the present time, the League has merely acted as a medium of
communication for the Commission. Two hundred copies of the
Commission's Annual Report are forwarded to the Secretariat for
distribution, and in accordance with a Council resolution of July
[June] 5, 1928,21 the jReport is forwarded by the Secretariat to all
members of the League as well as to all powers signatory to the Con-
vention and to any technical organisation of the League which may be
interested in the information contained in the Report. The status of
21 See League of Nations, Official Journal, July 1928, p. 879.

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