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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States diplomatic papers, 1934. Europe, Near East and Africa

Turkey,   pp. 894-990 PDF (36.1 MB)

Page 987

January 1 and July 1 of each year, the number of naval vessels of
various categories as well as the number of naval aircraft of the
strongest naval force in the Black Sea and shall inform the powers
concerned. The Commission is also charged with immediately inform-
ing the powers concerned when any alteration in that force has taken
place. When the Commission was first established the Chairman
requested of the Secretary-General of the League that this duty should
be carried out through the intermediary of the Secretariat of the
League and on September 10, 1925, the Council authorized the Secre-
tary-General to accede to this request.
  The formal acceptance by the League of the relations with the
Straits Commission established by the Convention did not take place,
however, until June 10, 1926, when the Council had before it the first
(1925) Annual Report of the Commission."9 On that date the Council
adopted the following resolution:
  "The Council accepts the duty assigned to it by the provisions of
Article 15 of the Convention relating to the Regime of the Straits,
signed at Lausanne on July 24th, 1923, to the effect that the Straits
Commission carries out its mission under the auspices of the League
of Nations .. ."
Normal League Procedure.
  The first report of the Commission made several observations
regarding the unsatisfactory nature of its status vis-a-vis the Turkish
Government, and pointed out that the provisions of the Treaty of
Lausanne were not being fully carried out. The report concluded with
the following statement:
  "In this direction the duty of the Commission is limited by the
Straits Convention to reporting the facts to the League of Nations. It
is for the latter to adopt any means which may seem to it effective to
hasten the application in their entirety of the principles laid down in
the Treaty of Lausanne."
  The Council's rapporteur, however, commenting on this section of
the report, said that Article 15 of the Convention merely placed the
Commission under the auspices of the League and on his suggestion
the Council agreed simply to forward the Commission's report to all
the signatory powers to enable them to judge for themselves what
action should be taken on this communication.
  This procedure was firmly established the following year when
the Commission in its annual report for 1926 20 submitted further
observations for the consideration of the Council. On that occasion
the Council's rapporteur stated that "apart from exceptional circum-
stances, the Council should, as a first step, simply submit the report to
  9 League of Nations, Offlcial Journal, July 1926, pp. 951-974.
  1' Ibid., July 1927, pp. 778-779.

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