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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1920

Cuba,   pp. 1-108 PDF (37.5 MB)

Page 11

of them to the effect that they did not substantially affect in the least
any of the provisions of the articles to which they refer.
It may be added now in regard to those other amendments that
they had not been the subject of any objections either in Congress or
in the leading newspapers of Havana, as I am reliably informed by
persons who have followed through Congress and public opinion
the whole process of this matter and are, accordingly, well posted
on all its aspects.
Nobody has indeed impeached any of these articles in Congress
and I am assured by absolutely reliable persons that no debate was
held either in the Senate or in the House on the changes to the Law
brought about by these other articles, which plainly shows that they
do not affect any one of the substantial principles of the Law drafted
by General Crowder.
A slight consideration of the amendments will show this at once.
Article Third, for instance, amends Article Two Hundred and Forty
Eight by simply inserting in it a provision allowing an appeal from
the decisions of the " Central Electoral Board ", which appeal
be filed by at least five electors, as a means of protection against
possible errors of that Board.
As can be easily seen, this amendment allowing an appeal can-
not be of a nature not only to conflict, but even to affect, in the
least, any of the principles on which General Crowder's Law does
really rest and, accordingly, nobody could have apprehended that
such a modification could be looked upon as a small piece of legisla-
tion against the spirit and purpose of the Electoral Law.
Article Fourth, amending Article Two Hundred and Eighty Four,
is equally consistent with the provisions of the article to which
it refers, for the amendment only provides that besides the ex-
ogfio members provided for in that article for the Executive Com-
mittee, there should be added those who may also be ex-of/lcio
members of their respective Assemblies, but without the right to
The Executive Committee is, therefore, left in all its original
integrity, as provided for in General Crowder's Law, since the
addition of five ex-offieio members more, but without granting them
the right to vote, cannot have another import than that of a nature
of supervision and of more publicity in regard to the Executive
The modification introduced by Article Six of the Amendment
Law has had as its sole aim to facilitate the prevention and remedy
of such frauds as may be discovered and it only provides the pro-
cedure which a voter must follow in case he may wish to withdraw
from one political party and become a member of another political
126794-vol. ii-36-7

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