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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919
(1919)

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)


Page 880

FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1919, VOLUME II
ciples are such as to dispense us with the adoption of bolshevism.
The best proof that the Turkish Nation has no leanings in favour of
this doctrine and that, if necessary, it is ready to combat it, is to be
found in the attempt of Ferid Pasha to deceive the nation by way of
alarming it into the belief that bolshevism has invaded the land or is
on the point of doing so. The Ferid Pasha Cabinet is truly a coat
cut to measure of the expansionist ambitions of the English. The
latter, founding their plans on their experiences in India, Egypt and
the other countries they have succeeded in bringing under their arbi-
trary rule, realize full well that after reducing the Turkish nation
to the condition of a flock deprived of all sense of human dignity
and all National and patriotic virtues as well as of the right of lib-
erty and education, they will be able to degrade it into a troop of
slaves bowing to their will. This is the end toward which they are
working, having recourse to numberless intrigues in our midst in
view of its attainment. To quote a few instance of their tactics:
(a) Falsely accusing quite a number of Ottoman citizens of union-
ism, opposition to England and what not, they proceeded to arrest
and exile them, thus tampering with the country's judicial rights.
Besides this, they are busy discovering or creating reasons for the
arrest of the nationalists and patriots, remaining in the country and
employ the government as an instrument for persecuting them.
(b) With the idea of bringing about the partition of the Empire
and creating a fratricidal struggle between Turks and Kurds, they
incited the latter to join in a plan for the establishment of an inde-
pendent Kurdistan under English protection, the argument put f or-
ward by them being that the Empire was, in any case, condemned
to dissolution. For the carrying out of this enterprise they spent
large sums of money, had recourse to every form of espionage and
even sent emissaries on the spot. Thus an English officer of the
name of Naivill exerted himself in this sense for a long time at
Diarbekir having recourse to every kind of fraud and deception in
his operations. But our, Kurd compatriots guessing what was on
foot drove him out of the place as well as a, handful of traitors who
had sold their consciences for money. Disappointed in his action
at Diarbekir, Mr. Naivill betook himself to Malatia with several
adventurers belonging to the Bedrihan clan and whom he had won
over with money but who enjoy no credit with their kinsmen such
as Kiamouran, Djaladeh and Diarbekirli, Djemil Pasha Lade Ekrem.
There he renewed his attempt in view of the establishment of an
independent Kurdistan in collaboration with the mutesarif (sub-
governor) Khashil Bey, also a member of the Bedrihan clan.
On the other hand, combining with the Vali of Kharpout, Ghalil
Bey-an instrument of the self-seeking Minister of the Interior Abil
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