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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919
(1919)

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)


Page 875

[Enclosure-Exhibits 28]
EXHIBIT C
CONDENSED MEMORANDUM CONCERNING THE ORGANIZATION AND POINTS
OF VIEW OF THE LEAGUE FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE RIGHTS OF ANATOLIA
AND ROUMELIA
Our league was not in existence when the Sublime Porte signed
the armistice of 30 September 1919 [October 1918].
After the conclusion of this convention on the basis of the prin-
ciple of nationalities as formulated by President Wilson, our nation
firmly entertained the hope that it would obtain a just peace and was
eagerly looking forward to such a consummation. As a matter of
fact the carrying out of the armistice gave arbitrarily rise on the
part of the Entente Powers to daily increasing transgressions and
violations of its clauses.
The non-Moslem elements with which we have led a joint existence
ab antiquo, encouraged by the favour shown to them by the Entente
Powers, broke into open attacks on the dignity and rights of the
Nation and State.
Constantinople, the seat of the Caliphate and Throne, was occu-
pied by the forces of the Entente Powers in a brutal and oppressive
form. The police and the gendarmerie having been placed under
the control of the occupying Powers. This constituted a de facto
interference with the administration of the Capital and the inde-
pendence of the country.
The regions of Adana and Adalia were occupied right up to
Koniah. The cession of Smyrna and the surrounding territory as
well as of Thrace to Greece and the creation of an extensive Arme-
nian State in eastern Anatolia on the one hand and of a Republic
of the Pontus along the Black Sea shore of the Empire, on the other
hand, began to be seriously discussed.
It was natural, under these circumstances, that the Turkish Nation
should feel deeply affected by these operations directed against the
integrity of its territory and independence as well as against its
dignity and other legitimate rights.
On the other hand, the Chamber of Deputies, in session at Con-
stantinople, having been dissolved, the Cabinets which came to power
in succession and were composed of incapable individuals did not
derive their authority from the national forces and escaped the con-
trol of the representatives of the Nation. Presently it was realized
that these Cabinets were not only lacking in the necessary qualities
2 Exhibits A and B not printed.
875
TURKEY


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