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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)

Page 871

8. Intervention would be a lib-
eral education for our people in
world politics; give outlet to a
vast amount of spirit and energy
and would furnish a shining ex-
9. It would definitely stop fur-
ther massacres of Armenians and
other Christians, give justice to
the Turks, Kurds, Greeks, and
other peoples.
10. It would increase the
strength and prestige of the
United States abroad and inspire
interest at home in the regenera-
tion of the Near East.
11. America has strong senti-
mental interests in the region:
our missions and colleges.
12. If the United States does
not take responsibility in this re-
gion, it is likely that interna-
tional jealousies will result in a
continuance of the unspeakable
misrule of the Ttirk.
13. "And the Lord said unto
Cain, Where is Abel thy brother?
And he said: 'I know not; am I
my brother's keeper?"'
8. Our spirit and energy can
find scope in domestic enterprises,
or in lands south and west of
ours. Intervention in the Near
East would rob us of the strate-
gic advantage enjoyed through
the Atlantic which rolls between
us and probable foes. Our repu-
tation for fair dealing might be
impaired. Efficient supervision
of a mandate at such distance
would be difficult or impossible.
We do not need or wish further
education in world politics.
9. Peace and justice would be
equally assured under any other
of the great Powers.
10. It would weaken and dissi-
pate our strength which should
be reserved for future responsi-
bilities on the American conti-
nents and in our Far Eastern
dependency. Our line of commu-
nication to Constantinople would
be at the mercy of other naval
powers, and especially of Great
Britain, with Gibraltar a n d
Malta, etc., on the route.
11. These institutions ha v e
been respected even by the Turks
throughout the war and the mas-
sacres; and sympathy and re-
spect would be shown by any
other mandatory.
12. The Peace Conference has
definitely informed the Turkish
Government that it may expect
to go under a mandate. It is not
conceivable that the League of
Nations would permit further un-
controlled rule by that thor-
oughly discredited government.
13. The first duty of America
is to its own people and its
nearer neighbors.
Our country would be involved
in this adventure for at least a
generation, and in counting the
cost Congress must be prepared

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