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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)

Page 870

5. America is already spending
millions to save starving peoples
in Turkey and Transcaucasia and
could do this with much more
efficiency if in control. Whoever
becomes mandatory for these re-
gions we shall be still expected
to finance their Relief, and will
probably eventually furnish the
capital for material development.
6. America is the only hope of
the Armenians. They consider
but one other nation, Great Brit-
ain, which they fear would sacri-
fice their interests to Moslem pub-
lic opinion as long as she controls
hundreds of millions of that
faith. Others fear Britain's im-
perialistic policy and her habit
of staying where she hoists her
For a mandatory America is
not only the first choice of all the
peoples of the Near East, but of
each of the great powers, after
American power is adequate;
its record clean; its motives above
7. The mandatory would be
self-supporting after an initial
period of not to exceed five years.
The building of railroads would
offer opportunities to our capital.
There would be great trade ad-
vantages not only in the manda-
tory region, but in the proximity
to Russia, Roumania, etc.
America would clean this hot-
bed of disease and filth as she has
in Cuba and Panama.
5. American philanthropy and
charity are worldwide. Such
policy would commit us to a pol-
icy of meddling or draw upon
our philanthropy to the point of
6. Other powers, particularly
Great Britain and Russia, have
shown continued interest in the
welfare of Armenia. Great Brit-
ain is fitted by experience and
government, has great resources
in money and trained personnel,
and though she might not be as
sympathetic to Armenian aspira-
tions, her rule would guarantee
security and justice.
The United States is not ca-
pable of sustaining a continuity
of foreign policy. One Congress
cannot bind another. Even trea-
ties can be nullified by cutting off
appropriations. Non-partisanship
is difficult to attain in our gov-
7. Our country would be put to
great expense, involving prob-
ably an increase of the army and
navy. Large numbers of Amer-
icans would serve in a country of
loathsome and dangerous dis-
eases. It is questionable if rail-
roads could for many years pay
interest on investments in their
very difficult construction. Cap-
ital for railways would not go
t h e r e except on government
The effort and money spent
would get us more trade in nearer
lands than we could hope for in
Russia and Roumania.
Proximity a n d competition
would increase the possibility of
our becoming involved in conflict
with the policies and ambitions
of states which now our friends
would be made our rivals.

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