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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)

Page 831

TURKEY                         831
as to the position at Batoum. Should the present programme be
carried out unaltered it will not be till the early part or middle of
October that the question of leaving Batoum will assume a practical
form and it may be possible at that date, should the conditions in
the Caucasus require it, to make arrangements which will not let
the place remain without any protection. In the meantime I am
making inquiries as to whether, consistent with the broad policy
which I have indicated, anything can be done to insure some degree
of local security and to prevent the terrible events of which your
Government are apprehensive. Any arrangement for this purpose
would be much easier were your Government in a position either
themselves to put troops into the Caucasus or to assure us that
the mandate for Armenia would ultimately be accepted by the
United States. The circumstances that you described to me yester-
day appear to render the satisfaction of these two conditions for
the present out of the question and they greatly complicate an issue
which is in itself sufficiently difficult. Pray believe me, however,
that the situation is one which I am examining together with our
military advisers from day to day and almost from hour to hour
with the most intense anxiety to find a solution that will relieve
uas from the gravest fears. I am seriously considering whether
it will be possible to leave political missions with sufficient escorts
at the principal cities along the railway and whether effective
political pressure cannot be put upon the governments of the local
states to induce them to desist from actions which could only imperil
their cause and might ruin their future.
I am yours sincerely,                Curzon of Kedleston."
Repeated to American Mission, Paris.
763.72119/6130: Telegram
The Secretary of State to the Commission to, Negotiate Peace 17
WASHINGTON, August 16, 1919, 11 a.n.
2849. Strictly confidential. Department's 2707, August 2, 2 p.m.'8
Your undated 3629 received August 12, 1919, and previous telegrams
concerning peril for Armenians. The President desires Turkish
authorities to be warned that should they not take immediate and
efficacious measures to prevent any massacres or other atrocities
being perpetrated by Turks, Kurds or other Moslems against
Armenians in the Caucasus or elsewhere, then all support concerning
a secure sovereignty over the Turkish portions of the present Otto-
man Empire, under Article XII of his peace terms, will be with-
drawn, and that such withdrawal might result in the absolute
dissolution of the Turkish Empire and a complete alteration of the
17 See last sentence for instructions to repeat to Admiral Bristol, High
missioner at Constantinople.
18 Not printed.
102569 34  58

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