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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919

Turkey,   pp. 810-889 PDF (28.6 MB)

Page 822

in one day, which he had reason to believe was below the daily
average of that town, and there were other towns where the famine
was reported as even more severe.
4. With the resources of the people further depleted by the lapse
of a year since the armistice, without established government and
with the food supply known to be practically exhausted, there is
every reason to fear and expect that during the winter months
immediately ahead there will be an even more tragic and serious
famine than the one of last year.
Colonel Haskell, as well as officers of the American Relief Admin-
istration, report that the present food supply cannot last much, if
any, beyond December 1st. Captain Chadwick of the American
Relief Administration, who has just returned from six months'
service with the American Relief Administration in Armenia says
he does not see how twenty-five per cent. of the people can survive
through the coming winter if help is not given from outside.
5. Near East Relief, now incorporated by special act of Congress
(formerly known as "The American Committee for Armenian and
Syrian Relief " and "The American Committee for Relief in the
Near East ") has administered for relief in this general area more
than $30,000,000. of volunteer contributions from the American pub-
lic. The Committee has made a recent appropriation of $1,500,000.
to aid Colonel Haskell in the Caucasus, and other large disburse-
ments that completely exhaust, in fact, temporarily overdraw the
Committee's treasury.
7. It is evident that the task of saving these people and sustaining
them until their status can be determined by the Peace Conference,
or until the harvest of 1920, when they can be restored to self-
support, is too great for private philanthropy alone, although pri-
vate philanthropy may help both to secure funds and maintain
public interest. Moreover, there are now other than purely finan-
cial problems involved, such as additional rolling stock and the
insuring to Colonel Haskell as Commissioner of the Allied Powers,
a sufficient measure of control over the railroad from Batum to
Erivan, through Tiflis to make relief work effective.
We, therefore, venture on purely humanitarian grounds, without
any reference or commitment to any future political or interna-
tional program, to suggest and request:
1. That the Department recommend to the President that he
authorize the United States Grain Corporation to sell to the Ar-
menian Republic, to the Armenian National Delegation, to Near
East Relief, or to whatever other agency can most economically and

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