University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Foreign Relations of the United States

Page View

United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, 1919. The Paris Peace Conference

Other proposals for the agenda of the peace conference,   pp. [533]-562 PDF (8.7 MB)

Page 556

My own opinion in regard to this telegram is that, because of 
your absence from Washington, it would appear to be an inoppor- 
tune time to send a delegation from Bolivia to the United States, 
but that, in view of the possibility of questions arising as to the 
general organization of the world in connection with the Peace Con- 
ference, it might be well to send two or three delegates to Paris, 
who could, while watching the course of events, informally discuss 
the Arica matter with you. I do not think the question should come 
before the Peace Conference. 
Will you be good enough to tell me your wishes in the matter so 
that I can advise Mr. Polk? 
Faithfully yours,                            ROBERT LANSING 
Paris Peace Conf. 723.2515/10 
The Technical Advisers to the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Scott, 
Miller) to the Secretary of State 
PARIS, December 30, 1918. 
An expression of opinion is requested as regards the form of arbi- 
tration to be suggested and as to the countries from which the arbi- 
trator or arbitrators of the dispute, presumably that between Chile 
and Peru concerning the status of Tacna and Arica, shall be chosen. 
The correspondence submitted, herewith returned, does not give 
the facts of the incident at Iquique, the apparent cause of the present 
trouble. It shows, however, that the Department of State has offered 
its good offices, not formal mediation-although Peru appears to 
have considered the offer as such,-that the Department of State has 
informed both Chile and Peru that no formal offer of this kind was 
made, that the United States has suggested that the Tacna and 
Arica affair between the two countries be settled, and, finally, that 
it is of the highest importance that a dispute between the two coun- 
tries should not result in an appeal to force at a time when so many 
nations are meeting in a peace conference. 
In compliance with the request for an expression of opinion, the 
undersigned submit the following observations: 
Tacna (including Arica) has a larger area than Massachusetts, 
with a population of 38,000, as against 3,300,000 for Massachusetts. 
Compared with Alsace-Lorraine, Tacna is half as large again (9,000 
square miles and 5,600 square miles) with a population of about 
one-fiftieth of that of the French provinces (38,000 and 1,900,000). 
Tacna is a mining district; it has substantially no agricultural 
interests; a great part, perhaps a majority of the population are 
mine laborers from Chile. The chief town, Tacna, has a population 
of say 12,000. 

Go up to Top of Page