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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States with the annual message of the president transmitted to Congress December 3, 1907. (In two parts)
(1907)

Brazil,   pp. 90-118 PDF (11.8 MB)


Page 96

 96 FOREIGN RELATIONS. 
 ART. 2. There shall be counted as immigrants: All foreigners of less than
60 years of age who are not suffering from contagious diseases nor plying
illicit trades and wh~ are not criminals, rogues, beggars, vagabonds, lunatics,
or invalids, who arrive at Brazilian ports, traveling third class at the
cost of the union, States, or third parties, as well as those who (ceteris
paribus) have paid their own passages and desire to enjoy the same privileges
as other new arrivals. 
 Persons over 60 years of age or unfitted for work will only be admitted
when accompanied by their famflies or when coming to join them, provided
that there is in the family at least one able-bodied member against the invalid
and one or two against the member over 60 years of age. 
 ART. 3. To immigrants who establish themselves in any part of the country
and devote themselves to any branch of agriculture, industry, or trade, or
to any useful craft or profession, the following guaranties will be granted:
Complete liberty of action and freedom to engage in any trade, provided that
the same does not endanger public safety, health, or morals; complete liberty
of religious belief; and, finally, civic rights as enjoyed under the constitution
and laws by Brazilians themselves. 
 ART. 4. The union, without interfering with the liberty of similar action
on the part of the States, will enter into an accord with them to direct
and facilitate the placing of immigrants who desire to settle as owners of
their own land and will protect and advise such spontaneous immigrants as
need material aid for their first installment, whilst only in special cases
will it bring in at its own expense such immigrants as desire only to work
without acquiring the land on which they settle. 
DIVISION II. CONCERNING COLONIZATION. 
CHAPTER I. Preliminary dispositions. 
 ART. 5. By a "nucleus colony," for the operation of this decree, is understood
a group of lots, duly measured and marked out, on land chosen as fertile
and fitted for agriculture or cattle breeding, where the conditions are healthy
and there is abundance of drinking water to supply all the needs of the population.
The colonies shall also be of sufficient extent to admit of their development,
whilst they shall have easy and convenient means of transport, shall be possessed
of favorable economic factors, and shall be prepared for the settling of
immigrants as holders of their own land. 
 ART. 6. The foundation of nucleus colonies shall be undertaken: 
 I. By the union with help from the States. 
 II. By the States with or without the help of the union. 
 III. By railway or river navigation companies, other companies or associations,
or by private individuals, with or without the help of the union and the
States. 
 The union may interfere in the foundation of nucleus colonies by railway
or river navigation companies, other companies, associations, or private
individuals when the founders are not in the receipt of official aid and
necessary rules and regulations have to be made or abuses remedied. 
CHAPTER II. Concerning nucleus colonies founded by the union. 
 ART. 7. The foundation of nucleus colonies under the direct administration
of the union and with the aid of the interested State shall be effected in
accordance with this decree, whilst the following rules must be observed:
 I. The union will choose the site and will undertake to form the nucleus.
 II. If the land is fallow, or is the property of the State, the Federal
Government will enter into an accord with the state government for the cessation
of the area required for the foundation of the nucleus. 
 In this case the State will aid in the marking out, if necessary, according
to its land laws, and will permit the following work of preparation: Preliminary
surveys for the best division of the lots and for the establishment of lines
of communication both internal and external; measuring and marking out of
rural lots; sanitary works, when necessary; building of houses, roads, and
paths; preparation of the areas set apart for the first cultivation in each
rural lot; establishment of the headquarters of the nucleus, if convenient,
together with the urban lots; and, finally, the settling of the immigrants.
 III. So soon as the lots have been measured and marked out in accordance
with the foregoing clause, they will be definitely handed over to the union
on the distinct understanding that they will be sold to immigrants or otherwise
u~U for the good of the nucleus. 


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