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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, with the annual message of the president transmitted to Congress December 7, 1903

Dominican Republic,   pp. 390-405 PDF (6.3 MB)

Page 392

and had been repulsed with great loss, four of their leading generals being
killed, among whom were Generals Pepin (the leading spirit in the present
movement), Navana, and Martinez. 
 This movement should not be classed as one in favor of the last President,
Mr. Jiminez, as it is not. The pi'esent movement is as 
* much opposed to Mr. Jiminez as it is to General Vasques, its main object
being to make the Hon. Alexandro W. Gil President as the candidate of the
Reds or the party of the late General Heureux. * * * 
1 have, etc., 
I1~. J?owell to Jib. hay. 
No. ~41, Santo Domingo series.] 
Port ciu Prince, M~iy 12, 1903. 
 StR: I have the honor to state to the Department that the steamer from Santo
Domingo arrived after the mail had closed for the States. I was therefore
compelled to wait until the departure of this steamer to convey to the Department
information 1 had through private but trustworthy sources. I am able through
this medium to inform the Department of the political situation, which I
was not able to do when my last dispatch on this subject was written. By
letters received it is stated that General Vasquez had the city closely besieged
on all sides except its sea front. The revolutionists, on their part, were
strongly intrenched, and, besides, strong barricades had been erected in
many of the streets leading from the gates into the city. These barricades
were well supplied with rapid-firing guns. General Vasquez's force numbered
about 2,000 men; the revolutionists one-half this number. General Vasquez
established his headquarters at a village known as San Carlos, a place of
about 800 houses and a short distance from Santo Domingo. This place is entirely
destroyed, not a house standing. General Vasquez made several attempts to
take the city by assault, but was repulsed each time with heavy loss. His
last attempt was partly successful, as his troops had made a breach in the
works of the revolutionists; but the assaulting party not being supported
at a critical moment by General Vasquez, the revolutionists rallied and drove
Vasquez's force out of their intrenchments, killing the general (Cordew)
who led the assault. Vasquez failed to grasp the situation in time. The sudden
attack and the failure to receive reinforce-. ments caused a panic in his
forces, which eventually ended in a rout, his force scattering and fleeing
in all directions, and Vasquez himself had to seek safety in flight. At the
time of his defeat the whole Republic was in his favor, with the exception
of the city of Santo Domingo. After his defeat he attempted to establish
his capital at SantiagQ. The revolutionists quickly realized their victory,
and followed closely after Vasquez to prevent him gathering another force.
Vasquez, finding it useless to continue the struggle, and also learning that
several provinces he had depended upon had espoused the cause of the revolutionists,
left with a chosen few (150) for Puerto Plata, and there embarked on the
Presidente for Santiago, Cuba. 
 Mr. Jimenez arrived at Puerto Plata three days after General Vasquez's departure,
and at the time the mail left was at Santiago. 

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