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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90

Germany,   pp. 570-684 PDF (48.6 MB)

Page 664

664                      VOREIGN RELATIONS.
Sea, while the American firms had 1no vessels of their own. The sub-
jects of the Empire had brought, by systematical establishment of plan.
tations, 7,985 acres under culture, while American plantations do not
exist., and only about 100 acres of the property owned by American sub.
jects are cultivated. At the beginning of 1886 there were eighty-one
Germans and tw -nty-four Americans residing within the municipal dis-
trict of Apia. Houses and property owned by German subjects repre-
sent, as shown by the list of assessments of municipal taxes, a value of
$175,765; those of American citizens only a value of $32,000.
   Germany has never made use of this mercantile preponderance of her
 subjects in Samoa to secure commercial privileges, as the United States
 have recently done in Hawaii by the ratification of the lately renewed
 reciprocity treaty of January 30, 1875. We have always maintained
 the principle of equality of rights of nations in Samoa, and never aspired
 to political advantages. Mxoreover, on the occasion of the latest action
 against Malietoa, the continuation of whose government was incompat-
 ible with our dignity, we have given, before the deposition of said chief,
 to both the English and the American Governments the assurance,
 against which no doubt has been raised, that it is not our intention to
 change anything with regard to the relations of the treaty powers to
   I fail therefore to find in the facts themselves any reasons that could
 explain the continual ill-will shown towards us in Samoa by the Amer-
 ican representatives of the past and of the present, and I should be
 thankful to Mr. Bayard if he would lend me his assistance in the in-
 vestigation of this strange fact. Should my supposition be right that
 those difficulties have their origin in the personal disposition of the
 American representatives in Apia, and not in their instructions, I am
 convinced that the American Government will cause the necessary re-
 dress to take place.
 It can not be conceived that consular officers who do not respect the
 limits of their task, and who cause by their conduct without reason
 international ill-feeling (verstimmung) between countries entertaining
 friendly relations to each other, act in the sense of their Government,
 with which Germany since the foundation of the American Union has
 been connected by traditional friendship.
 We come, therefore, readily to the conviction that it will suffice to
 submit to the attention of his excellency the Secretary of State a co-
 herent review of the attitude observed by the different American con-
 suls in Samoa in order to be enabled to hope for the redress of a mis-
 understanding which has no foundation in the actual reciprocal friendly
 You are requested to read this instruction to- the Secretary of State,
 Mr, Bayard, and to leave him a copy of it.
                                                      V.: BISMARCK,
                              [Izuclosure 1.]
                      Account of proceeding8 in Samoa.
  After the declaration of war against Malietoa by the imperial consul at
Apia the
American consul-general, Mr. Sewall, offered his services to cause Malietoa
to volun-
tarily surrender himself.
  Consul Becker entered therefore in communication with Mr. Sewall, but declared
at the same time that the military measures would not be suspended by the
tions. Mr. Sewall, however, did not take any further steps to effectuate

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