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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90
(1888-1889)

Central America,   pp. 77-171 PDF (40.3 MB)


Page 90


I90
FOREIGN RELATIONS.
operate in the extermination of the insurgents, and to the good offices of
the Govern-
ment of Salvador, which, like a true friend, has been a loyal sentinel of
tranquillity
and order, this moment was not isolated.
   Proceeding from Palencia, a party led by Mariano Pineda, Jorge Zepeda,
Jos4
 Arzd, and Antonio Judrez scoured several points of the departments of Guatemala,
 Santa Rosa, and Jalapa. It was closely pursued by the forces of the Government,
 and found no sympathy whatever in the hamlets through which it fled. Instead
of
 support, they met with persecution. The inhabitants spontaneously took up
arms to
 capture them, and in this situation they were compelled to disperse, some
taking the
 direction of Alzatate to reach the Soledad Mountain, while others presented
them-
 selves to the chiets sent in their pursuit and solicited protection. The
Indians of Al-
 zatate followed up closely thosewho went in that direction.
   The insurgent chiefs, destitute of resources, and believing themselves
lost, attempted
 to reach Salvadorian territory through the department of Jutiapa, and at
a place
 called Tasajera were captured by the commandunt, Pedro Cambara. Orders were
 given immediately to conduct them to headquarters at Jutiapa, where, after
the reg-
 ular trial, Pineda, Arzti, Zepeda, and Juarez were shot.
   This is not all what happened in the Republic. On the night of October
27, the post
 commantder of Huehuetenango notified the commander of the department, Francisco
 Fuentes, that there was a group of armed men near the city. The garrison
was
 placed under arms and the militia was called together; but before the corps
of guards
 could arrive the insurgents penetrated into the principal square; they were
led by
 Vicente Castafieda (vice-president of Guatemala), who harangued his men
with
 shouts, crying that he was going to be President of the Republic. Fuentes
defended
 the place bravely during two hours of firing, several dead and wounded on
both
 sides remaining on the field.
   The routed insurgents were captured and tried with the formalities of
the law, and
 to-day at 6 a. in. ex-Col. Vicente Castafieda, ex-Lieuts. Ismael Diaz and
Jos6 Mufioz,
 and ex-Sublieuts. Matias Cifuenues and FranciscaAlouzo suffered its extreme
penalty.
   When the news of the attack on Huehnetenango was received orders were
sent to
 the commanders of Quezaltenango, Quich6, and San Marcos to send aid, and
I am very
 satisfied not only with the activity with which these forces were mobilized,
the en-
 thusiasm of the chief in command, the celerity with which they repaired
to the
 point indicated under the orders of General Molina, but with the loyalty
manifested
 in deeds by the peoples of the Republic, both in the Orient and Occident.
   Compatriots: The blood shed in battles is to be regretted, and still more
when shed
 on the scaffold, but the responsibility of suh effusion falls not upon the
Government
 acting in self-defense, but upon the"insurgents who combat it in all
possible ways
 without excepting the most execrable of all, treason to the Republic.
 Guatemalans: Whatever may be my own ideas in regard to the inviolability
of hu-
 man life, the military laws which have been placed in my hands to be enforced,
and
 which I have promised faithfully to observe, impose the penalty of death
upon those
 who, with arms in their hands, attempt to pervert public order.
 Inhabitants of the Republic: I have been placed under the necessity of exercising
 acts of severity which are not in harmony with my sentiments, but it is
not possible
 for me to witness with indifference the public peace menaced, and our dearest
interests
 in danger. I shall continue, t,) my great regret, the coursa of severity,
in which un-
 fortunately I have been placed, if the acts of justice accomplished at Jutiapa
and
 Huehuetenango should not suffice to insure order and progress, institutions
which are
 of the first and greatest necessity of the country.
 Guatemala, October 30.
                                                              M. L. BARILLAS.
                                    No. 73.
                           Mr, Bayard to Mr. Hall.
                                    [Extract.]
No. 516.]                                DEPARTMP ENT OF STATE,
                                            Washington, November 2, 1887.
   SIR: I have to acknowledge receipt of your No. 710, of September 28,
concerning the proposed Spanish Central American line of steamers,
and to say that the Departtment has also received from the vice-president
and the secretary of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company letters bearing
.upon that subject.


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