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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90

Brazil,   pp. 55-76 PDF (9.1 MB)

Page 74

  gram received here on the 16th ultimo, which, translated, reads as fol-
  The bill abolishing slavery has passed parliament, and was approved by
the Prin-
  cess Regent on the 13th. Great manifestations of joy.
  The intelligence was received by the President with the utmost satis-
  faction, and a reply was immediately sent to his excellency by Acting
  Secretary Riv'es, in the following terms:
  President directs me to convey to your Government his congratulations upon
  tion of slavery in Brazil, and to express his personal hope and expectation
that free-
  dom thus extended will result in increased happiness and prosperity of
your country.
  This noble act, whereby Brazil has ranged herself in the now almost
  universal category of free nations, can not but have the earniest sym.
  pathy and call forth the warmest applause of all those who believe
  that good government among men is based upon liberty and equal rights
  of man; and it is especially gratifying to learn from your dispatch
  that every indication of public sentiment in the Empire is in hearty
  accord with this action of the general assembly, and that the popular
  mind having been well prepared for the change to take place in the
  labor system of the country, it is not apprehended that any economic
  disturbance will ensue.
       I am, etc.,
                                                     T. F. BAYARD.
                              No. 62.
                      Mr. Jarvis to Mr. Bayard.
 No. 145.]                LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
         Rio de Janeiro, August 31, 1888. (Received September 29.)
   SIR: On the 22d instant I sent you a cablegram in the following
 words: " Emperor arrived in good condition amid great enthusiasm."
   Of the arrival of the Emperor and its importance to the Empire, I
 will now give you a brief account, supposing it-may be of interest to
 you. lie arrived as I telegraphed you on the 22d in good condition,
 and he was joyfully received by a vast concourse of people composed
 of all classes of society and of all shades of political opinion. His
 extreme illness in Europe, and the vague and conflicting reports as to
 his mental and physical condition had filled the public mind with grave
 apprehensions as to the probable effects of the voyage. So little was
 known of his condition that no one seemed to know to what extent the
 elaborate preparations for his reception could be carried out. Thou-
 sands upon thousands crowded the piers or went out in ships to meet
 him, not knowing whether he could be seen at all or not. It was under
 these circumstances that he made his appearance, in good condition,
 before an anxious multitude of people, who gave him a heartfelt ova-
 The news of his arrival was received with great demonstrations of
joy throughout the Empire. He is much esteemed and beloved by the
people of all classes and opinions, and while he lives there will be no
effort to make any changes or experiments in the present order of gov-
ernment. There was some anxiety and unrest in political circles before
his arrival, growing ont of the agitation, by some of the dissatitfled

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