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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the fiftieth Congress, 1888-'90

Argentine Republic,   pp. 1-17 PDF (7.2 MB)

Page 5

                                NTo. 4.
                      Mr. Hanna to Mr. Bayard.
 No. 100.]                LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
       Buenos Ayres, December 9, 1887. (Received January 17, 1888.)
   SIR: Just before the adjournment of the late session of the Argen-
 tine Congress the President of the Republic was grunted a two months'
 leave of absence for recreation. This vacation he has resolved to use
 in a general tour of observation throughout the country. He is now
 going from city to city and province to province in fulfillment of that
   An invitation has been extended to the diplomatic corps to join him
 at Cordova, his former residence, on the 18th instant, where national
 ceremonies will take place, unveiling a statue of General Paz, one of
 the illustrious patriots who figured prominently in the early struggles
 of the country.
   Cordova, situated among the foot-hills of the Sierra Chica chain of
 mountains, was one of the earliest seats of learning in the nation, and
 now, in addition to its colleges and other advanced schools, is especially
 attractive and important from the fact that the national observatory,
 once under the management of Dr. Gould, and more recently of Mr.
 Thorne, both citizens of the United States, is located there.
   Its university is unquestionably the pioneer of the western world.
This may startle some of our college people in the United States, but
let the facts speak. Harvard College, at Cambridge, Mass., our oldest
university, has made its own history and written it in characters of gold.
Sixteen years after the landing of the Mayflower on the 28th day of
October, 1636, the court of Massachusetts voted £400, equal to $1,946
United States gold, to found a college. This was afterwards done at
Cambridge, March 13, 1639Y and as John Harvard, a man of obscure
life, had largely increased this amount out of his private funds, the col-
lege took his name--Harvard College, now Harvard University.
Strange to say, though $5,000 have been offered to any who could pro-
duce five lines of authentic history of this man none has yet claimed it.
   The University of Cordova was founded in 1613, twenty-six years be-
 fore Harvard. by Don Fernando Trejo de Sanabria, who devoted all his
 private fortune to the purpose, amounting to $43,000, and erected there
 a structure which has withstood the trials of two hundred and seventy-
 four years, and is at this day in a good state of preservation.
   This pioneer city of science and letters is some 500 miles west of
 Buenos Ayres. It will be a long railroad journey to make, but in view
 of the dignity of the invitation, the general interest the occasion in-
 spires, and the fact that the route to be traveled is in the general direc-
 tion ofthe great railroad extending from the Plate River to Valparaiso,
 in Chili, soon to be completed and forming a part of it, the most of my
 colleagues have accepted the invitation. We will leave here by Special
 train on the 16th, and the incidents and observations of the journey, it
 is hoped, will furnish suitable matter for the consideration of the State
   On the 2d of this month this legation was honored with a special in-
 vitation from the President to accompany his party up the Uruguay
 River to the city of Uruguay, until quite recently the capital of the
 province of Entre Rios, the most beautiful and perhaps productive of

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