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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the first session of the forty-seventh Congress, 1880-'81
(1881-1882)

Peru,   pp. 855-976 PDF (55.0 MB)


Page 975


                                    PERU.                               
  975
the extension of her frontiersT? Listening only to the passions of the hour,
some may
say that the future which I foresee will never be realized; but only ordinary
minds
wili think so, and neither you nor the statesmen of Chilivwill agree with
such.
  Nations never perish_; reactions easily operate in then), and frequently
their recon-
  struction is as surprising as their fall had been unexpected.
  Convinced as I am of all this, and longing for a lasting peace, I cannot
make up my
  mind to dismember the territory of Peru. I do not wish that my name shall
pass to
  posterity with the stigma of reprobation with which the people of America
will brand
  the man who will legalize among them the fatal system of conquest; a high
feeling of
American policy guides me in this case, and compels me not to consent to
the cession
of territory.
  I know very well that these ideas will not be agreeable to a considerable
portion
of the Chilian people, because at all times popular feeling has been intemperate.
But
I believe at the same time that you and all other Chilian statesmen will
think as I
do, because I have believed, and now believe, that your government will conclude
a
treaty of peace! without exacting territory. I accepted the office I hold,
and now con-
tinue to hold it, and have not resigned it, because I have the same conviction,
which
has suffered no change; although, as I have said, I judge the measures taken
against
me have their origin in my refusal to give up Peruvian territory.
  But I have thought also that nobler ideas will make their way hereafter
among
Chilian statesmen, and then a treaty of peace will beĆ½ easily made,
and we shall be
able to conclude it in a *wiy that it will afford us securities in the future.
We should
be unable to attain this end, if I could not pay to Chili the expenses of
the war, but
I have the certainty and the means to pay a reasonable indemnity, fixed by
common
accord, or by arbitration; and this is another reason which compels me to
oppose a
cession of territory.
  As, therefore, the possibility exists of settling, within a short time,
the pending
  questions, and feeling as I do that no Peruvian will cede a part of the
territory of his
  country as a basis of peace, the prolongation of the existing state of
things, or what
  has been called the indefinite occupation of the Peruvian territory, offers,
as all meas-
  ures of the same nature, the inconvenience of being a defective settlement.
  This is neither a state of war nor a state of peace, and causing serious
injury to
  Peru, does also injure Chili. Instead of so anomalous a situation which
forces both
  countries to exhaust their strength, and, which will make wider and wider
the sepa-
  ration caused by the war, is it not nobler, more grand, and more American
to conclude
a lasting peace that will secure a tranquil and glorious future to our countries
?
  These are reasons of such weight that I do not doubt but that they will
influence
your mind not only not to insist upon the closing of my public Offices, but
also to de-
cide you to turn over to me those you have taken possession of. But if, as
I presume,
you act by order of your government, you may at least suspend all subsequent
pro-
ceedings, transmitting to the Government of Chili the present letter, which
I am sure
will become the basis of our future understanding.
      I am, &c.,
                                                     F. GARCIA CALDERON.
                                    No. 593.
                         S&ior Elmore to Mr. Blaine.
                                               LEGATION OF PERU,
             Washington, November 18, 1881.      (Received November 18.)
   Sn2: When I had the honor to confer with your excellency on last
Monday, 14th instant, I informed your excellency that I had telegraphic
news of the adhesion of the Peruvian Admiral Montero to Sefior Cal-
deron's government, and also of the last and logical Chilian outrage,
the arrest and taking to Chili of President Calderon and his secretary
of state, Sefior Galvez.
   I have been waiting both for telegraphic advices and for the South
Pacific mail (which has finally reached here to-day) in order to address
to your excellency an expos6 on the situation in Peru, which although
iso extraordinary and perhaps unique in history is not for that reason
the less interesting.                                                  "


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