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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the first session of the forty-seventh Congress, 1880-'81

Brazil,   pp. 95-97 PDF (1.2 MB)

Central America,   pp. 97-113 PDF (7.5 MB)

Page 97

                        CENTRAL AMERICA.                        97
                              No. 72.
                         ,Mliard to Mr. Ivarts.
 No 203.]                 LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
             Rio de Janeiro, January 22, 1881. (Received March 7.)
   SIR: The liberal administration has at last achieved a great triumph
 in the passage through both chambers of the electoral reform bill. It
 removes the political disabilities from all classes. Naturalized Brazil-
 ians, non-Catholics, and freedmen are now eligible to office under the
 imperial government.
   The success of this important measure is a great step in advance for
 Brazil, and must contribute largely to its prosperity. Other reforms
 will be accomplished at an early day, and this great country will make
 steady progress in the civilization which brightens the closing years
 of the nineteenth century. After the adoption of the electoral reform
 bill the ministry in a body tendered their resignations to the Emperor.
 This act created great surprise. The ministry of Mr. Saraiva had been
 successful in its policy and had secured the adoption of its measures.
 The ministry had been sustained by the Parliament and enjoyed the
 confidence of the Emperor. The ministry, too, enjoys a large share of
 the confidence and esteem of the people. Mr. Saraiva and his col-
 leagues, however, took the ground that they had been chosen to per-
 form a special task-the accomplishment of electoral reform-and hav-
 ing succeeded in that, it seemed to them proper now to retire, or to re-
 ceive a new confirmation of official tenure on general grounds.
 The Emperor promptly declined to receive the tendered resignations,
 and expressed his wish that the present ministry should continue in
 power, as it had his fullest confidence. Of course the ministry may
 now enter upon the accomplishment of other measures without the
 sense of being restricted in the consideration of a general policy for the
 advancement of the interests of the country. I do not doubt that its
 measures will be liberal and beneficent.
      I have, &c,.,-
                                       HENRY W. HILLIARD.
                   CENTRAL AMERICA.
                              No. 73.
                     Mr. Logan to Mr. Evarts.
No. 141.]              LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES
                                      IN CENTRAL AMERICA,
        Guatemala City, January 17, 1881. (Received February 15.)
  SIR: Under cover of this dispatch, I inclose a printed copy of the
new constitution recently promulgated by the authorities of Honduras.
  But three articles claim my attention as worthy of particular notice,
which I hereby translate in the body of this dispatch:
  ARTICLE 1. Honduras is to be considered as a section disintegrated from
the Repub-
lic of Central America. In consequence it recognizes as its principal duty
and most
nrgent necessity, a return to a union with the other sections of the dissolved
lic. The present constitution shall not stand in the way of the asccomplishment

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