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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-fifth Congress, 1879-'80
(1879-1880)

Turkish Empire,   pp. 976-1037 PDF (27.9 MB)


Page 1030


1030                         FOREIGN     RELATIONS.
the other. It was decided that the Sultan would give. the investiture to
each new
titulary of the Pashalik. , It is according to this principle that the firman
of February
13 was given. The Sultan has besides excuse6dhe d P'sharrom going to Constantino-
ple to receive the investiture. He has added that Ibrahim Pasha would obtain
the
same dispensation if he should be called to succeed his father, and that
the firman of
investiture would be sent him to Egypt. The Ottoman Porte has itself informed
the
allied powers of the mode chosen by the Sultan for the administratioa of
the Pashalic
of Egypt, made hereditary in the family of M. Ali.
  According to this resolution, and in conformity with the usages introduced
into the
  Ottoman Empire, it is Ibrahim Pasha who, as being the eldest son, shall
be called to
succeed M. Ali. Following the same rule, the oldest of the family, after
Ibrahim
Pasha, is to be considered as entitled to succeed him. This is the general
rule which
the allied courts consider as the most advantageous for the interests of
the Sublime
Porte, and as the most in conformity with the traditions of the Ottoman Empire.
In
replying to the question that the Ottoman ambassador addressed to them in
behalf of
his government, they have thought it their duty to state that the appointment
to the
functions of governor of Egypt belonged exclusively to His Highness the Sultan;
that
this right should be exercised and manifested at each new investiture; and
that,
finally, this investiture, having emanated from the sovereign authority,
should form
the righlt by virtue of which each new governor of Egypt shall be called
to adminis-
ter in the name of His Highness, a province which is an integral part of
the Ottoman
Empire.
  2. Fixing of the tribnte.-The separate act annexed to the convention of
July 15 has
  made no provision regarding the amount of the tribute; it has only established
in
principle that the tribute shall be paid to the Porte annually; that it must
be in pro-
portion to the extent of the territory whose administration is intrusted
to M. Ali;
that the pasha, upon conditioni of the regular payment of the tribute, and
ini the
name of the Sultan, as the delegate of His Highness, should collect the imposts
and
duties; and that, finally, the Pasha of Egypt should take upon himself all
civil and
military administration in the Pashalic. The plenipotentiaries of the courts
who
signed the convention of July 15, while indicating the principle of the provisions
that are therein established, believe that they would overstep the bounds
of their
rights if they should give an opinion as to the amount of the tribute, because
this is
a financial question relating to the administration of the Ottoman Empire,
and which,
as they have already said in their note of March 13, is not within their
sphere, they,
moreover, not possessing the necessary statistical data that could serve
as the basis of
a sure judgment upon the financial resources of Egypt, can give no opinion
as to the
amount of the annual tribute that the treasury of the Sublime Porte can draw
from
this province. Nevertheless, to satisfy, in so far as depends upon them,
the wishes
expressed by his excellency Chdkib Effendi in the name of the Sublime Porte,
they think
that instead of the tribute which the Pasha shall pay by fixing a proportionate
part
of the gross revenue of Egypt, it would be preferable, in the real interest
of the
Porte, to determine the tribute by a fixed sum, thereby insuring to the treasury
of
His Highness a certain revenue. Still, as the bases upon which this sum would
be
fixed might change in the course of time, it would perhaps be as well to
subject the
nominal amount of the said sum to a revision after the lapse of certain epochs.
   3. Military promotion.-The sixth paragraph of the separate act of the
convention
 of July 15 provides that the land and sea forces that the Pasha. of Egypt
shall be
 able to maintain as belonging to the forces of the Ottoman Empire, must
always be
 considered as maintained for the service of the state. As, according to
this principle,
 the military force employed in Egypt is that of the Sultan, the officers
will not have
 their promotion, but in conformity with the sole authority of His Highness,
to whom
 the Ottoman army and navy belong. Starting with this principle, which ought
to
 have a general application, the undersigned can only give a secondary importance
to
 the difficulties that have come up in connection with military promotions.
It belongs
 to the Sultan to give in this respect the powers that lie shall deem necessary
to be
 conferred upon the governor of Egypt, reserving it to himself to enlarge
or limit
 these powers according as experience and the needs of the service shall
render nec-
 essary.
   If the undersigned have thought it their duty to limit their observations
to the
three above-mentioned points, it is because they have already expressed their
opinion
in their collective notes of January 30 and March 13, and in the protocol
of March 5,
upon other conditions that are contained in the separate act annexed to the
conven-
tion of July, 1840.
   The undersigned, keeping to the views and opinions set forth in the said
acts,
think it their duty to refer to the same. They cannot consider the submission
that
M. Ali has formally made as other than absolute, and they consequently regard
the
Turco-Egyptian question as terminated. The undersigned cannot, therefore,
suppose
that the Pasha, instead of showing, himself thankful for the pardon that
the Sultan
deigns to grant him, amid for the favor that His Highness has graciously
shown to him


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