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United States Department of State / Index to the executive documents of the House of Representatives for the second session of the forty-fifth Congress, 1879-'80
(1879-1880)

Turkish Empire,   pp. 976-1037 PDF (27.9 MB)


Page 1019


                            TURKISH    EMPIRE.                        1019
sition of the Khedive, Ismail Pasha, and the appointment of his son,1
that an acquaintance with them is essential to a thorough understand-
ing of the position in which Egypt is placed toward Europe and the
Sublime Porte. I am not aware that they have ever been put before
the department in an English form, and now that its interest in Egypt
is to be still further increased by the appointment of an American mem-
ber in the proposed commission of liquidation, I gladly inclose this trans-
lation for the use of the Department.
   The following short statement will serve as an introduction to those
documents:
   In 1839, Muhammed Ali, Pasha of Egypt, had at his command an
army of at least 140,000 men. His son and General Ibrahim Pasha had
conquered all Syria, in the battle of iNizzib, near Aleppo. llafiz Pasha,
general of the only remaining Turkish army, had been completely
routed. The Turkish admiral had given up to Muhammed Ali the entire
Turkish fleet, and it lay idle in the harbor of Alexandria. The Sultan
Mahmoud appealed to Europe; France kept entirely aloof; Prussia and
Russia, Austria and England made themselves the allies of Turkey;
England and Austria sent their fleets, and bombarded Beyrout and Acre
on the Syrian coast. The further details of the united action of those
four courts will be found in the accompanying fifteen documents.
       I have, &c.,
                          !N. Do COMANOS.:
                             Llnclosure 1 in No. 333.]
Convention of the 15th July, 1840, concluded between othe courts of Grea't
Britain,
  Austria, Prlussia, nd Russia on the one side, and that of the Sublime Ottoman
  Porte on the other, for the Pacification of the Levant, signed at London
on the
  15th July, 1840.
  [NOTE.-This convention is that diplomaatic act which must be considered
as the
  basis of the Egyptian hereditary Pashalic (since called Khediviate) which
was created
in favor of Mulhammed Ali and his family, and was placed under the guaranty
of the
European powers. It granted to Muhammed Ali, during his natural life, the
gov-
ernment of Southern Syria, or Palestine, also; but as he did not, within
the ten days
delay therein afforded to him, accept the conditions laid down in it, he
forfeited that,
government, and Egypt only was given to him, as will appear in the documents
following.I]
   In the nami of the most merciful God:
   Hiis Highnes's the Sultan (of Turkey) having applied to their Majesties
the Queen of
 the UnI ite-d Kingdonm of Gireat Britain and Ireland, the Emperifor of Austi
a, King of
 Huhgary and Boheroia, the King of Prussia, and the Emperor of all the Russias
to
 invoke their support and assistaince in the midst of the difficulties in
which he finds
 himself placed by re'son of the hostile conduct of Muhammed Ali, Pasha of
Egypt,
 whibh difficulties ithreaten to bring in jeopardy the integrity of the Ottoman
Enmpir'e,
 and the independenice of the Sultan's throne, their said Majesties, united
by the senti-
 ment of friendship that exists between them and the Sultan, animated by
the desire
 to watch over the maintenance of the integrity and independence of the Ottoman
 Empire in the interest of the strengthening of the peace of Europe, true
to the engage-
 ments that they have contracted by the note delivered to the Porte by their
repre-
 sentatives at Constantinople on the 27th of July, 1839, and desiring furthermore
to
 prevent the effusion of blood that would be caused by the continuation of
the hostili-
 ties that have recently broken out in Syria., between the authorities of
the Pasha and
 the subjects of His Highness (the Sultan), their said Majesties and His
Highness the
 Sultan have resolved, for the purpose aforesaid, to conclude between themselves
a
 convention, and'have appointed, for this object, as their plenipotentiaries,
the follow-
 ing, to wit, &c., &c.:
   Who, having reciprocally exchanged their full powers, found in good and
due form.,
 have agreed upon and signed the following articles:
   I. His Highness the Sultan having come to an understanding with their
Majesties
 the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Emperor
of


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