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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, transmitted to congress, with the annual message of the president, December 4, 1876

Turkish Empire,   pp. 568-593 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page 591

 * Notice given in conformity with article 22 of treaty of 1862. TURKISH
Greece.—Wheat, (hard,) ox and buffalo hides, timber.
 America.—Otto of roses.
Italy.—Wheat, (hard.)
i~ussia.—Tobacco, ghaItan, (for the Oriniean-Tartar population.)
 Servia and Eoumania.—Anise-seed, abbas, tanned sheep-skins, (Roumania,)
yhaitan, (Servia.)
No. 314.
Aristarehi Bey to Mr. Fish.
Hew York, &plember 29, 1875. (Received September 30.)
 SIR: Among the financial measures which the Sublime Porte now has under
coflsi(leratiOn with a view to improving the condition of our finances and
gradually attaining the equilibrium of our budget, the most important is
the increase of the revenues yielded by customs. We are obliged to place
this measure in the front rank, because it can be carried out with little
delay, and because it is really profitable. It was with this object in view
that we gave notice in 1874 * of our desire for the cessation of the effects
of our treaties with foreign nations.
 By limiting the import duty on all articles indiscriminately to 8 per cent.,
these treaties had confined within too narrow limits revenues which were
susceptible of a sure increase, as had been shown by experience and the results
 Divers causes arid circumstances over which we had no control have rendered
our financial situation a difficult one. The kindly feeling of statesmen
will admit that it is our right, as it is our duty, to endeavor to apply
a remedy.
 The imperial government chiefly relies upon increased receipts from customs,
and we shall secure this favorable result by raising the import duty to 20
per cent.
 This decision, which the Sublime Porte is constrained to adopt, cannot be
interpreted as concealing a design to inaugurate a prohibitory or protective
system of duties.
 To suppose that we would undertake to establish protectiv& duties in
an indirect way for the purpose of favoring certain articles of home manufacture
at the expense of manufacturers of similar articles in foreign countries,
and of thus getting competition exclusi~ely in our own favor, would be to
impute to usan idea which we do not entertain. Every one knows that our manufactures
are, unfortunately, very limited, and that our productions could not compete
with those of foreign countries. Turkey being an essentially agricultural
country, the activity of domes. tic production is not exerted in manufacturing.
 We cannot, moreover, be supposed to entertain a design of favoring imports
from any particular country, for the new tariff will be in all respects uniform,
and besides, the increase of duties will bear princi. pally upon our consumers,
that is, upon the natives of our country. Our only object is to improve our
financial situation, which deniands our most earnest solicitude. Like other
countries, which, finding them. selves iii financial diflilculties, have
been obliged to turn their attention to new fiscal measures, particularly
the increase of their tariff rates, we find it necessary, in the interest
of our country, to devote the great-

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