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United States Department of State / Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States, transmitted to congress, with the annual message of the president, December 4, 1876

Turkish Empire,   pp. 568-593 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page 585

jure as well as defacto, rode in the procession, entering the city by the
Adrianople gate, the same, according to tradition, entered originally by
his conquering ancestor, and following his course quite through the city
to the seraglio. The way on both sides was lined by a countless multitude:
men, women, and children, of all ages and conditions. Handsome accommodations
were provided by the ministry of foreign affairs for
the Diplomatic Corps. * * *
 The inaugural hatt was read with the usual solemnities at the Sublime Porte
on the 10th, Sunday last. An official translation appeared in the papers
last evening, of which a copy is inclosed.
 It will be observed that the former ministry is retained, indicating that
for the present, at least, public affairs will keep in the accustomed channel.
I am, &c.,
[From the Daily Levant Herald of September 12, 1876.]
 The following is the text of the inaugural address of the new Sultan's reign,
read at the Porte on Sunday last, of which we gave the chief points in our
impression of yesterday:
 M~ ILLUSTRIOUS VIZIER, MEHEMET RU5HDI PASHA: My beloved brother Sultan Murad
V having, by the will of Providence, had sovereign power and the khalifate
withdrawn from him, I have ascended the throne of my ancestors in conformity
with the prescriptions of Ottoman law.
 Considering your known experience, integrity, and zeal, and your long acquaintance
with state affairs, I confirm you in the post of grand vizier and president
of the council of ministers, and I maintain all the members of the cabinet
and the other state functionaries in their respective posts. In placing my
full and entire confidence in God, I firmly hope that all the ministers and
public functionaries of the empire will aid and co-operate with me in carrying
my intentions into execution. Those intentions have exclusively in view the
consolidation and glory of my empire and the complete enjoyment, by all my
subjects, without distinction, of freedom, of the benefits which result from
public tranquillity and the good and even-handed administration ofjustice.
 All the world knows that the present situation of the Ottoman Empire is
critical. The multifarious causes which have brought about this sad state
of things all spring chiefly from one source, namely, the insufficient and
inequitable execution of the laws, based upon the prescriptions of the sheri,
(the public and sacred law,) as also the fluctuating diversity and want of
uniformity in the administration of the affairs of the country. Irregularities
and illegalities have crept into the administration for some years past.
Mistrust has taken possession of the public mind on the subject of our finances,
and the failure of our credit has been the consequence. The working of the
tribunals has been defective, and they have not succeeded in insuring the
rights of the public. Our industry, commerce, agriculture, and all the elements
which contribute to the prosperity of a people have lacked development, although
our country, as all the world admits and recognizes, is well placed for the
enjoyment of these advantages. All that has been attempted hitherto for the
prosperity of the nation and for individual liberty, for the tranquillity
and well-being of all our subjects, natives and foreigners, without exception;
all the endeavors hitherto made to accomplish these ends have not been crowned
with success; and this has chiefly arisen from frequent changes in the administration
and the failure to follow out steadily a uniform system. This general regrettable
result, in fine, is traceable to the fact that the laws and regulations of
the country have not been adhered to in letter or in spirit in a stable and
persistent manner.
 The great object to be aimed at is, therefore, to adopt measures for placing
the laws and regulations of the country upon bases which shall inspire confidence
in their execution. For this purpose it is indipensable to proceed to the
establishment of a general council, or national assembly, (the original Turkish
expression is med ji1is~ oumoami,) whose acts will inspire every confidence
in the nation, and will be in harmony with the customs, aptitudes, and capabilities
of the populations of the empire. The mission and duty of this council will
be to guarantee, without exception, the faithful execution of

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