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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1955-1957. Soviet Union, Eastern Mediterranean
(1955-1957)

The Soviet Union,   pp. 1-191 PDF (65.0 MB)


Page 186


186     Foreign Relations, 1955-1957, Volume XXIV
establish picture of itself (which it is assiduously promoting) as
world power on par with and conceivably superior to US. In this
connection, Sputniks have given much greater retroactive impact to
ICBM announcement, a fact acknowledged but also underplayed in
estimate.
     Immediate consequences appear to be Soviet effort to inflate
 pressure for big power talks, and possibly increased Soviet belief
 that US and West ready or can be forced discuss disarmament on
 Soviet terms, admit Soviet role in Near East, and accept postwar
 Communist conquests in Eastern Europe and Far East. Moreover,
 since USSR is combining its greatly increased prestige and enhanced
 political stature with continued foreign assistance program in key
 uncommitted areas, it can be expected that tendency to accept Soviet
 help and expanded trade (with all possibilities of penetration thus
 implied) will grow as target nations feel need accommodation with
 Soviets, as well as real domestic pressures for industrialization-
 especially if US programs should become inadequate. With regard to
 section roman numeral IV B 7 and 8, it is true that Sputnik-ICBM
 does not increase danger of devastation threatening US friends
 which already huge, but its importance still great since for first time
 it brings into question US superiority or even certain parity vis-a-vis
 Soviet power on which these nations had been relying as shield.
                                                         Thompson
 89.    Editorial Note
     From November 14 to 16, a meeting was held in Moscow of
representatives from Albania, Hungary, North Vietnam, East Germa-
ny, Communist China, North Korea, Outer Mongolia, Poland, Ro-
mania, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union. On
November 21, a declaration signed by representatives from all the
countries except Yugoslavia was published. It reaffirmed the revolu-
tionary nature of the international Communist movement and Mos-
cow's direction of the movement. For text of the declaration, see
Documents (R.I.I.A.) for 1957, pages 527-539. For an analysis of the
significance of the meeting and the declaration, see Soviet Affairs,
December 1957, pages 6-8. (Department of State, INR Files, Soviet
Affairs)


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