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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1955-1957. China
(1955-1957)

United States policy with regard to the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, January-July 1955,   pp. 1-689 ff. PDF (242.1 MB)


Page 638


638 Foreign Relations, 1955-1957, Volume II
other long talk with Mr. Menon, after which the Secretary and I had
a conversation with him, and I took the occasion to send by Mr.
Menon to you my very cordial greetings. We have followed with in-
terest your travels and statements which you have made in connec-
tion therewith, and we know that in these matters you are actuated
by high and noble purpose.
     I believe that the talks which we have had with Mr. Menon may
have served a useful purpose, at least in clarifying our minds. Also
we have had talks here with Prime Minister U Nu.
     You will, of course, recall that Mr. Chou En-lai at the Bandung
Conference suggested direct talks with the United States with refer-
ence to items of tension, and both Secretary Dulles and I responded
by saying that we also would be willing to have such talks, provided
that we could not deal with the rights of third parties in their ab-
sence; but that matters of direct concern to the two of us could be
discussed.
     Since then Mr. Chou En-lai has reiterated his desire for direct
 talks, and I am inclined to think that the best step now to take is to
 explore this course. Secretary Dulles and I are therefore thinking of
 suggesting that a designated Ambassador of the United States should
 meet at Geneva with a representative of the Chinese Communist
 regime of comparable rank with a view to dealing in the first in-
 stance with the question of the citizens of each of our countries in
 the territory of the other who want to return. This topic has, indeed,
 already been discussed intermittently at Geneva, at the consular
 level, with some, though meager, results. Further progress in this
 matter could lead to discussion of other topics which the Chinese
 Communists might want to suggest and which would be discussable
 within the limits of the principle which I indicated above.
      I hope you will feel that such a move would in fact advance the
 cause of peace in the Far East, as your letter urges.
      I am particularly interested in hearing of your observations in
  Russia and the conclusions which you draw from them. I hope
  indeed that you are right that a marked change has come over Soviet
  policy and that this is not a merely temporary phase. Certainly as I
  go to Geneva I will be strengthened and encouraged by your feeling
  that there is substantial reason for hoping for peaceful applications
  and solutions.
  what we have in mind. Menon himself may warp it, preferring himself to
be the
  'chosen instrument' as intermediary." The draft message, with a minor
revision in Ei-
  senhower's handwriting, is identical with the message sent. (Eisenhower
Library,
  Dulles-Herter Series)


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