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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1955-1957. China
(1955-1957)

United States policy with regard to the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, January-July 1955,   pp. 1-689 ff. PDF (242.1 MB)


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  UNITED STATES POLICY WITH REGARD TO
  THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND"THE
  REPUBLIC OF CHINA, JANUARY-JULY 1955
  THE TAIWAN STRAIT CRISIS: U.S. CONCERN WITH THE DEFENSE OF TAIWAN
  AND THE MAINTENANCE OF PEACE IN THE TAIWAN AREA; THE FORMOSA
  RESOLUTION; EFFORTS TO BRING THE PROBLEM BEFORE THE U.N. SECURITY
  COUNCIL; NEGOTIATIONS LEADING TO THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA'S
  EVACUATION OF THE TACHEN ISLANDS WITH U.S. ASSISTANCE;
  DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO BRING ABOUT PEACEFUL SOLUTION TO THE
  CRISIS; THE QUESTION OF U.S. POLICY WITH REGARD TO QUEMOY AND
  MATSU; THE QUESTION OF NATIONALIST RESPONSE TO THE GROWTH OF
  COMMUNIST AIR POWER; THE ROBERTSON-RADFORD MISSION TO TAIPEI;
  THE U.S. RESPONSE TO PREMIER CHOU EN-LAI'S PROPOSAL OF
  NEGOTIATIONS; DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS TO OBTAIN THE RELEASE OF
  AMERICAN PRISONERS IN THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA;
  NEGOTIATIONS LEADING TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE AMBASSADORIAL
  TALKS AT GENEVA BETWEEN REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES AND
  THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 1
1.     Memorandum From the Secretary of State to the Executive
       Secretary of the National Security Council (Lay) 2
                                         Washington, January 4, 1955.
SUBJECT
    Current U.S. Policy Toward the Far East 3
    For previous documentation on this subject, see Foreign Relations, 1952-1954,
vol.
xiv, Part 1, pp. 1 ff.
    2Source: Department of State, S/S-NSC Files: Lot 63 D 351, NSC 5429 Series.
Top Secret.
    3 U.S. policy toward the Far East had been the subject of NSC deliberations
on
several occasions between August and December 1954. On December 21, 1954,
in NSC
Action No. 1292, the Council (a) discussed NSC 5429/4, "Current U.S.
Policy Toward
the Far East," December 10, 1954; (b) agreed on several amendments to
NSC 5429/4;
(c) deferred action on paragraph 5-g pending further consideration by the
Secretary of
State, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, until the next NSC
meeting on
January 5, 1955; (d) deferred action on paragraph 7-c pending further consideration
by
the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, until
the Janu-
ary 5 meeting; and (e) requested the Council on Foreign Economic Policy to
undertake
a study of U.S. economic defense policy applicable to trade with the Communist
bloc,
                                                           Continued
                                                                 1


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