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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Western European Security (in two parts)

II. Attitude of the United States toward the establishment of a European Defense Community,   pp. 571-1113 ff. PDF (220.4 MB)

Page 572

    Related subj: I am informed that Fr have formally requested
  Pierson for delay of approximately two weeks in date of Lisbon mtg.5
  Reason advanced was not related to progress on EDF Treaty but to
  allow time for debate in France this subj after parliament convenes in
  late Jan. Appreciate your views on desirability this postponement and
  effect it may have your respective countries."
   Footnote continued from preceding page.
 President Truman, Secretary of State Acheson, and other American officials.
 meetings ranged over a wide spectrum of world problems including the European
 Defense Community project and NATO. Documentation on the Churchill-Eden
 visit is presented in volume vi.
   Regarding the French request under reference here, see also Schuman's
 of Jan. 2 to Acheson, p. 1.
   "In telegram 3962, Jan. 3, from Paris, Bruce indicated that he already
 presented his views on the subject in an earlier telegram and preferred
to wait
 until the current French crisis was over before having new conversations
 French officials and commenting further (740.5/1-352). For the McCloy and
 responses to this message, see telegram 927, Jan. 3, from Bonn and telegram
 Jan. 5, from Rome, pp. 576 and 578, respectively.
 740.5/1-352: Telegram
 The Ambassador in France (Bruce) to the Departinent of State1
 SECRET     NIACT                       PARIS, January 3, 1952--# p. m.
   3958. Personal attention Secretary. Distribution as determined by
 Secretary's office. Eyes only Chiefs of Mission. Subject:   European
 Defense Force. Re Embtel 3957, Jan 3.'2
   This telegram   attempts to sum   up various outstanding issues in
 EDC and what action should in my opinion be taken to move them
 forward as rapidly as possible.
   1. French-German-Italian agreement.
   The Ministers' meeting made clear complete agreement of Germans
 and French (and for all practical purposes, Italians) on the major
 issues involved in EDC. They agreed that EDC must from beginning
 replace national armies and national budgets and must be operated
 as genuine common defense force and not merely as a coalition. Insti-
 tutions must be so designed and power so distributed among them that
 they can effectively create and support forces of community. EDC
 must have responsibility and authority from outset although func-
 tions are to be delegated in treaty or by institutions to existing national
 'This telegram was repeated for information to London, Bonn, Rome, The
 Hague, Brussels, and Luxembourg.
 2The telegram under reference, a lengthy seven-page summary report on the
 Six-Power Foreign Ministers Meetings in Paris, Dec. 27-30, 1951, regarding
proposed European Defense Community, is printed in Foreign Relations, 1951,
vol. IIn, P~art 1, p. 985.

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