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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1952-1954. Western European Security (in two parts)
(1952-1954)

II. Attitude of the United States toward the establishment of a European Defense Community,   pp. 571-1113 ff. PDF (220.4 MB)


Page 571


II. ATTITUDE OF THE UNITED STATES TOWARD
   THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A EUROPEAN DE-
   FENSE COMMUNITY1
A. EFFORTS To ENCOURAGE THE SIGNING OF THE TREATY,
                     JANUARY-MAY 1952
740.5/1-252: Telegram
          The Secretary of State to the Embassy in France 2
TOP SECRET              WASHINGTON, January 2, 1952-7: 37 p. m.
PRIORITY
   3784. Eyes only from Secretary. Have read cables from Bruce on
 recent Mins mtg in Paris on EDF. Appreciate excellent and prompt
 reporting of developments.
   Most fundamental factor of conference seems to be close identity
 of views of Fr, Gers and Italians. It wld appear from reports t1 at
 these three nations eld have reached final agmnt on most, if not all,
 of important issues in estab of EDC.
   Because of the confusion of the discussion it is hard for us to tell
 in what matters and to.what degree Benelux nations will give way
 and how far the other three can go to meet them without prejudicing
 the great opportunity which the Three Power agmt offers for EUR.
 We assume that this will be fully explored before the alternatives of
 The Three going ahead alone or accepting failure are contemplated.
   Of primary importance in analyzing the best course of action wld
 be the views of Schuman, Adenauer and De Gasperi as to what shld
 be done. We are somewhat in doubt as to how matter was actually
 left when mtgs ended and whether any understanding was reached
 between these Three as to what to do about situation. I shld appreciate
 any info you can furnish along these lines as well as recommendations
 as to how to proceed. As this will be one of major issues in talks with
 Churchill need reply by end of this week at latest."
   1-Continued from Foreign Relations, 1951, vol. II, Part 1, pp. 755 if.
   This telegram, which was also sent as 869 to Bonn for McCloy and as 3006
to
 Rome for Dunn, was drafted by Byroade (GER) who cleared it in draft with
 Acheson and Perkins (EUR) and who signed for the Secretary.
   Regarding the Six-Power Foreign Ministers Meetings in Paris, Dec. 27-30,
   1951, regarding the proposed European Defense Community, see the editorial
   note, Foreign Relations, 1951, vol. iii, Part 1, p. 980.
   A Between Jan. 5 and 18, 1952, Prime Minister Churchill, Foreign Secretary
   Eden, and a party of advisers held a number of meetings in Washington
with
                                   Footnote continued on following page.
                                                          571


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