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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. Asia and the Pacific (in two parts)

Afghanistan,   pp. 2004-2012 PDF (3.8 MB)

Page 2005

ance with its traditional reliance upon a remote and friendly power.
This reliance is tempered with careful attention to the advantages
that may be offered by other Muslim and European countries, as well
as by the United Nations itself.
  Although the approval of PL 6213 makes it possible to assist
Afghanistan in its efforts to prepare for defense against aggression
and to preserve internal order, it has been dilatory in making informal
approaches looking to the supply of military equipment by this coun-
try, The US Government is in a position to consider extending
Afghanistan reimbursable aid (by procurement assistance, technical
advice or by sales from US military stocks) within the framework
of established higher priority and supply limitations when it appears
that Afghanistan is in a position to translate its' requirements into
definite terms.
  Owing to thie restrictive policies of the Afghan Government and
widespread illiteracy, US information activities are limited, but the
USIE in Kabul can and does distribute a sizeable amount of pro-US
material, chiefly in the form of illustrated booklets, magazines and
photographs. Film showings to small groups of officials and students
have been successful and the exchange of persons program will bring
a significant number 'of Afghan leaders and students to the United
States. Further'expansion ,of the USIE program along these lines
will be recommended .whenever it is c'ear that it done within
the framework of.Afghan Government restrictions and sensibilities.
  The Afghan Government's program        for recruiting American
teachers, potentially effective in disseminating information -about the
United States, has been suspended for over a year. Should it be
renewed, a careful review would be essential in order to insure selection
of personnel most likely to succeed under the difficult conditions ob-
training in Afghanistan -and to eliminate, insofar as possible,1 the
administrative difficulties which have curtailed the effectiveness of
the program in the past.
  So far as known, there is no overt or clandestine indigenous"Com-
munist organization in Afghanistan. To date !foreign Communist
activity appears to be of little significance due in part to the vigilance
of the existing government,'and, to a consid-erable extent, to the pre-
disposition of the- inhabitants against Russia as a nation and com-
munism as an ideology.
  The major Afghan economic problem is that of maintaining neces-
sary imports of consumer goods while proceeding with development
plans. Afghanistan's principal hard currency resources consist-of
dollar earnings from karakuI fur exports to the United States, Which
  'Public Law 621, An Act to amend the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949,
approved July 26,1950-; text in 64 Stat. 373.

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