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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. Asia and the Pacific (in two parts)

Japan,   pp. 777-1477 PDF (267.6 MB)

Page 886

received a weekly field allowance of three and six a day. A consider-
able number of former Australian prisoners of war of the Japanese
had claimed that they were entitled to this allowance during the period
of their captivity in addition to their other pay. The Government did
not accept this claim but felt that some compensation should be paid,
many of the prisoners having suffered greatly. It therefore set up a
commission which rejected the claim, holding that the former prisoners
were not entitled to payment on a basis comparable to that of serving
troops. The commission recommended, however, that Japan be com-
pelled in the peace treaty to meet the claims on reparations account.
Mr. Spender said that this recommendation had been made a few
months previously and that the amount involved was some 4 to 6 mil-
lion Australian pounds. Japanese assets in Australia totaled only about
a half million pounds. He said that he simply wished to raise the
matter with Ambassador Dulles, believing that something should be
obtained if possible for these men. Perhaps there was some Japanese
owned gold which could be used for the purpose.
  Mr. Spender then said that he would like to make a few comments
on the Provisional Memorandum 3 given him by Ambassador Dulles
the previous day and outlining proposed terms of a Japanese peace
settlement. He inquired first why it had not been provided that Japan
should turn over the Kuriles and Southern Sakhalin to the USSR.
Ambassador Dulles replied that he had informed Mr. Malik that we
would be prepared to support the Soviet claim to these territories if
the USSR were a party to the treaty, The U.S. did not, however, see
any point in helping the Soviets to clear their title if the USSR did
not participate. Mr. Spender inquired-whether this.might not lead
to irredentist sentiment in Japan. Ambassador Dulles said that he
assumed that Mr. Spender had in mind the possible undesirability
of increasing friction between the US SR and Japan, friction which
might become a source of danger to-us all The U.S. position, however,
was essentially a bargaining one. Ambassador Dulles also noted that
there is a legitimate dispute as to what constitutes the Kuriles.
   Mr. Spender's second point was with regard to Formosa. He said
 that if the intention was to confirm the National Government's title
 to the island Australia would have serious reservations. The Aus-
 tralian Government has no desire to recognize the Chinese Communist
 regime but is very unhappy over continued recognition of the Na-
 tional Government, and would be reluctant to strengthen that Govern-
 ment by giving it Formosa. Ambassador Dulles said that Formosa
 presented a difficult problem. It was not our intention to confirm the
   8Of February 15, not printed. Aside from the omission of the section headed
 "General Observations", this paper is identical to that described
under Annex I
 to the letter of February 10 from Mr. Dulles to the Secretary, p. 875.

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