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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. Asia and the Pacific (in two parts)

Japan,   pp. 777-1477 PDF (267.6 MB)

Page 881

   After the usual courtesies, President Quirino began by expressing
 the. hope that the United States would not be so interested in working
 for the rehabilitation of Japan that it would forget the needs and
 rights of the Philippines. The President indicated that the Philippine
 people believed that their interests were being neglected at the expense
 ýof Japan and he emphasized the necessity of the United States making
 a wise choice between the Philippines and Japan. Mr. Dulles stated
 that he did not believe 'it was correct to talk about a question of choice
 between Japan and the Philippines. He said that everything that the
 United States was doing in Japan and elsewhere was in the interest
 of the common good and that our efforts in bringing about the re-
 habilitation of Japan were not caused by love of the Japanese but
 rather were due to our belief that a stable and healthy Japan would
 be to the interest of all in this part of the world. Mr. Dulles explained
 that in his opinion Japan is one of the key areas desired by the Com-
 munists and that if the industrial potential and the manpower re-
 ,sources of Japan were added to the Soviet and Chinese Communists
 the Philippines would be in grave danger. It was therefore in the
 interest of the Philippines as much as anything that the United States
 was pursuing the policy designed to insure Japan's adherence to the
 °cause of the free world.
   [Here follows a portion of the memorandum which is printed on
page 152.]
   At Ambassador Cowen's request, President Quirino then explained
the Philippine attitude concerning reparations from Japan. This,
together with the question of security, was the chief point of interest
to the Philippine people in any Japanese peace settlement. President
Quirino referred to the terrible suffering inflicted on the Philippines
and maintained that it was absolutely essential that in some manner
the Japanese be made to pay for all the damage and suffering they
had caused. President Quirino recognized the difficulties involved in
ýdetermining what the exact amount of reparations should be and sug-
gested that a beginning might be made on the same basis as had been
used in determining war damage claims. It was not quite clear exactly
what the President had in mind though apparently he had some belief
that it should be possible for Japan to make good at least those por-
tions of claims which it had not been possible to meet under the war
damage settlements. He insisted that it was absolutely necessary in
view of Philippine public opinion that at least some payment be made
'even if the total damage estimated at eight billion dollars could not
be recompensed.
  Mr. Dulles expressed great sympathy for the desires of the Philip-
pines and stated that there was no question that if it were only a
matter of justice and equity that the Philippines should receive repa-
rations. The United States, he said, is sympathetic withl the Philippine

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