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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The Near East and Africa
(1951)

The Near and Middle East: multilateral relations,   pp. 1-342 PDF (132.2 MB)


Page 68


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 19 51, VOLUME V
  cooperation. and development of indigenous leadership. The technique
  of intervention employed should be directed to two ends:
    (a) To limiting United States intervention to the most vital issues
 and resisting the temptation to become involved in subsidiary issues
 wherein reform would be desirable but is not immediately essential;
    (b) To development of indigenous political leadership.
    2. In selection of Chiefs of Mission and key personnel, particular
 emphasis should be given to individuals capable of leading the peoples
 of Greece, Turkey, Iran and the Near East, without appearing to
 impose their will. The timing factor is of great importance in deter-
 mining how and when we should use our influence.
   3. With respect to the problem of extending our contacts to the
 population at large, it was recommended that the Department and
 Foreign Service pursue the various elements of the "grass roots"
ap-
 proach along the lines outlined in the Department's memorandum.1'
   4. The United States should provide, to the extent possible, sub-
 stantive aid to the countries of the area to demonstrate in concrete
 form the interest of the United States in the welfare of the people,
 and thereby to give substance to the "grass roots" approach.
   5. Each Chief of Mission should consider that one of his most im-
 portant responsibilities is to provide leadership for the "grass roots"
 program in the country to which he is accredited.
   6. Private American citizens should be used to the maximum extent
 possible, including Americans of foreign extraction returning to their
 home lands; moreover, in countries where it would be appropriate to
 do so, the Mission should bring about creation of informal commit-
 tees comprised of influential Americans to guide this aspect of the
 program.
   7. The United States should render all possible assistance to private
 American institutions in the Middle East, as one of the most effective
 tools for influencing public opinion, and should encourage the creation
 of or support for American schools and American-country societies.
   8. Naval visits, where and when appropriate, should be encouraged
for their "grass roots" value, and even more effective use made
of them.
  9. Every effort should be made to encourage oil companies in the
Middle East to follow increasingly progressive labor policies, and
in their own self interest to be more active in the field of public
relations.
  10. In developing programs for individual countries, careful atten-
tion should be given to special national sensitivities and attitudes.
  11. Every effort should be made to expedite the assignment of
adequate USIE personnel to the Middle East.
  11N~t further identified.
68


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