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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The Near East and Africa
(1951)

The Near and Middle East: multilateral relations,   pp. 1-342 PDF (132.2 MB)


Page 60


    7. Although the concept of Pakistan playing a role of any impor-
 tance in the Middle East is still in the nebulous stage, it presents possi-
 bilities from the economic, social, and political viewpoints, as well as
 from the point of view of regional security, which should be
 encouraged.
    8. Although it would be premature to attempt to encourage regional
  economic and political planning between Yugoslavia and Greece and
  Turkey, bilateral cooperation should be stimulated. Military coopera-
  tion should be stimulated as soon as a decision is reached regarding
  the division of responsibility and relations between the NAT and a
  possible Mediterranean security grouping.
                                 III
 APPRAISAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM POWER POSITION IN THE MIDDLE EAST,
          AND THE ADEQUACY OF ANGLO-AMERICAN COOPERATION
 A. Conclusions
   1. The United Kingdom power position in the Greek-Turkish-
 Iranian and Near Eastern areas has weakened. It is in the United
 States' interest that the United Kingdom position be maintained in
 the Middle East, and strengthened where it serves our interest. This
 is particularly true with respect to Egypt.
   2. Cooperation in the political and economic fields between the
 United Kingdom and the United States in the Middle East has been
 satisfactory, with the single exception of questions relating to the
 Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (see below, section X)
 B. Recommendations
   1. The United States should endeavor to bolster the United King-
 dom position in the Middle East where this can most effectively serve
 the United States' interest (see above, section I, concerning support
 for the British military position in theMiddle East).
   2. The Conference should go on record as expressing appreciation
 for the generally fine cooperation from the United Kingdom during
 the past year in the political and economic field (with the exception
 of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company problem, see below, section X).
                                IV
APPRAISAL OF C01MMUNIST STRENGTH AND INFLUENCE IN THE MIDDLE EAST
A. Conclusions
  1. For the short term, Soviet and communist influence are kept
under fairly effective control through police action in the various
states of the Middle East.
  2. American aid to Greece and Turkey has been effective in enabling
those countries to combat communist influence. However, the delay
FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1951, VOLUME V
60


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