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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The Near East and Africa
(1951)

The Near and Middle East: multilateral relations,   pp. 1-342 PDF (132.2 MB)


Page 59


     GENERAL U.S. POLICIES IN THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST         59
  7. Such interest as exists with respect to cooperation between the
countries of the Middle East and of South Asia arises from the initia-
tive of the Pakistan Government. Pakistan has an interest in creation
of a regional arrangement to include Turkey, Iran, the Arab states,
and Afghanistan, but is handicapped by her difficulties with India and
by the potential if not present jealousy of Egypt. The international
Islamic Economic Organization, largely the personal creation of the
Pakistani Minister of Finance, has opened a channel for at least
limited Middle Eastern-South Asian cooperation in the field of eco-
nomic and social reform. Pakistan cultivates closer cultural ties with
Iran, and at the same time neglects no opportunity to promote pan-
Islamic cultural conferences. Pakistan's basic orientation is, however,
to the West.
  8. The initiation of economic and political cooperation has char-
  acterized the recent relations of Yugoslavia on the one hand and Greece
  and Turkey on the other. Thus far this cooperation has been only on a
  bilateral basis.
  B. Recommendations
  1. Cooperation between the Middle Eastern states in the military
  field should be encouraged as a contribution to increased political
  cooperation, and in this connection the positive results to be achieved
  from a regional security pact should be stressed as a supporting if not
  overriding justification for such a pact.
  2. In its economic relations with Greece, Turkey and Iran, the
  United States should deal with these countries separately rather than
  as a group.
  3. The United States should oppose creation of any new United
  Nations regional economic organization for the Middle East.
  4. With full appreciation of the Arab League's inexperience and
  limitations, further effort should be made to encourage and assist the
  League to engage in constructive social and economic activities.
  5. The United States, while not opposing, should give no encourage-
  ment to any Arab union proposals, and should inject a note of caution
  and concern into any consideration of this question.
  6. Turkey should be supported as a more positive base for United
  States efforts in the Middle East, and should be actively encouraged
  to become a natural focal point for the Arab states, Israel, and Iran
  in political, economic and military matters. To this end, Turkey
  should be consulted by the United States on Middle Eastern mnatters
  on much the same basis as such consultation exists between the United
  States and the United Kingdom. In addition, Turkey and Pakistan
  should be encouraged to form an axis of cooperation on Middle Eastern
  matters.


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