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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The Near East and Africa
(1951)

The Near and Middle East: multilateral relations,   pp. 1-342 PDF (132.2 MB)


Page 58


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1951, VOLUME V
                                  II
 POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC REGIONAL TRENDS AND COOPERATION IN THE
                             MIDDLE EAST
 A. Conclusions
   1. Cooperation between Turkey and Greece on the economic side is
 not extensive, but is adequate to the relatively minor common problems
 which exist. There is, however, a conscious effort on the part of both
 countries to achieve political cooperation, although the success of such
 efforts has been limited by lack of development of mutual security
 arrangements.
   2. As between Turkey and Iran, cooperation is more in the economic
 field, particularly in use by Iran of Turkish transportation facilities,
 than in the political field.
   3. The one regional political arrangement which has a bearing on
 Turkey and Iran, the Saadabad Pact, which also includes Iraq and
 Afghanistan, is of negligible importance.
   4. The Arab League has a ten-year history of frustration because
 of its almost complete concentration on negative political objectives.
 Only lip service has been paid to constructive economic and social
 matters, but there is limited hope for progress along those lines.
 British disparagement of the Arab League probably stems to a con-
 siderable degree from the United Kingdom's inability to control what
 it regards as an organism of its own creation.
   5. Although there is traditional desire on the part of theĆ½ Arab
 peoples for some form of Arab union, the Greater Syria and Fertile
 Crescent schemes for Arab union are essentially dynastic in character,
 and encounter opposition both from those opposed to the dynastic-sys-
 tem and from rival dynastic regimes. Syrian Prime Minister Qudsi's
 Arab union proposal differs in the sense that it would apply to all the
 Arab states and it is not dynastic in motivation, but there seems to be
 little receptivity to the idea either at present or in prospect. The con-
 clusions regarding Arab Union reached at the 1949 Istanbul confer-
 ence 6 are still valid, i.e., that, in existing circumstances, Arab Union
 would pose more problems than it would solve, particularly since we
 regard short-term stability as essential.
 6. Except for certain bilateral arrangements arising from special
 circumstances or interests, the Greece-Turkey-Iran group and the Near
 Eastern group have not yet evinced interest in inter-regional coopera-
 tion with one another. However, Turkey would probably be prepared
 to play a role of leadership in the Near East if, as preliminary condi-
 tions, the Near Eastern states were sufficiently strengthened and
 Turkey itself were formally associated with the West.
 "For documentation on the Conference at Istanbul, Turkey, of American
 Chiefs of Mission in the Near East, November 26-29, 1949, see Foreign Relations,
1949, vol. VI, pp. 165 ift.
58


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