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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The Near East and Africa
(1951)

The Near and Middle East: multilateral relations,   pp. 1-342 PDF (132.2 MB)


Page 56


FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1951, VOLUME V
  tacked and offers serious resistance, as a possible major contribution
  to area security.
    6. The United States should seek an early clarification of the United
 States-United Kingdom military responsibilities for the Middle East,
 However, even though performance under such an agreement with the
 United Kingdom as to responsibilities be achieved through some re-
 gional arrangement, the present leading position of the United States
 in Turkey and Greece should be maintained, and the United States
 special interests and position in Saudi Arabia should be preserved.
   7. The United States should issue a unilateral public statement mak-
 ing known its willingness, in coordination with the United Kingdom,
 to assist the Near Eastern states to strengthen their capabilities to
 defend themselves against aggression. Such a statement would con-
 stitute an important contribution to restoration of confidence in the
 West; a manifestation of United States confidence in and support of
 the British military position; and an expression of the continuing
 interest of the West in the defense of the area.
   8. After agreement with the United Kingdom as to the appropriate
 division of military responsibility, there should be developed, in
 collaboration with the United Kingdom, a system of military staff
 discussions and a system of military aid programs under which the
 United States would provide immediately on request small training
 missions, individual service technicians, and token arms deliveries to
 the Near Eastern states.
   9. There should be no attempt at this time, because of foreseeable
 and obvious difficulties, to organize a Near Eastern-Middle Eastern
 regional security pact. However, useful orientation could be achieved
 and useful planning efforts undertaken, in such a manner as to be
 adaptable to the expected wartime theater organization. Mobilizatior,
 of resources and coordination of planning should be carried out
 through the medium of coordinated aid programs and a closely related
 system of military discussions, on the basis of close United States-
 United Kingdom collaboration.
   10. While recognizing the strategic importance of Egypt, the Con-
ference recommended that it be brought into the general scheme of
defense planning by other means than through a possible association
with the NATO.
  11. While the Turkish-Iranian mountain barrier cannot be regarded
at the present time as a realistic defense line, it should be deemed the
ultimate defense objective of the United States in the Middle East,
with a view, apart from strategic considerations, to strengthening the
morale of the Middle Eastern states.
  12. In the event of satellite military action against Greece, Turkey,
or Iran, the United States should participate as strongly as circum-
stances permit in a line of collective action under the United Nations.
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