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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The United Nations; the Western Hemisphere

The United Nations,   pp. 1-869 PDF (338.7 MB)

Page 379

viously the only fully satisfactory solution, a proposal could appro-
priately be made in the Fourth Committee that steps be taken at once
in the Security Council to admit Italy to United Nations membership.
It could be argued that, above and beyond the declarations of the Gen-
eral Assembly since 1947 that Italy is fully qualified for admission, the
General Assembly has granted, and Italy has accepted, special United
Nations responsibilities in connection with the operation of the trustee-
ship system. Italy is seriously handicapped in discharging these respon-
sibilities if it does not have full voting participation in the Trusteeship
Council, in the General Assembly, under whose general supervision the
Trusteeship Council operates, and perhaps in other United Nations
bodies. If this plan does not appear feasible, the Security Council
might reconsider Italy's application as a special case without prior
General Assembly action. Whichever of the above procedures may be
decided upon should be taken early in the session before discussion of
the general membership question arises in the Ad Hoc Political Com-
mittee, in order not to prejudice efforts to handle Italy as a special
case. Early action would also be desirable to permit other steps to be
taken if the Soviet Union should block Italy's admission.
   Before deciding on one of the above courses, consultation with other
United Nations members and with Italy is necessary. Italy may pre-
fer that neither course be taken. If Italy should persist in opposing
Security Council reconsideration, the Delegation should not insist
upon either of the above courses.
   3. If the Italian application should be dealt with separately in the
Security Council, it is probable that reconsideration of other applica-
tions will follow. In this event, the United States should, of courseu,
give strong support to the admission of the non-Soviet applicants and
oppose the admission of the Soviet applicants to whose admission the
United States objects on Charter grounds. It shouldnot accept a Soviet
omnibus proposal requiring our consent to the admission of one or
more Soviet applicants in return for Soviet agreement to admit Italy
and possibly other non-Soviet applicants, and should consult the De-
partment in the event that such a proposal is made.
  4. Plans to circumvent the Soviet veto of membership applications
have recently been Italy and Peru, and will undobutedly
be considered by the Assembly in connection with Italy's application
and the general membership question. These plans are likely to receive
the strong support of Latin American and other countries., However,
in the opinion of the United States, the proposals present basic Charter
difficulties, difficulties which have prevented us from making similar
proposals in the past. While the United States is in full sympathy
with the objectives of these plans and is willing to consider proposals
to achieve the admission of thequalified applicants which can reason-
ably be found to be consistent with the Charter, it is believed that the

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