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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The United Nations; the Western Hemisphere

The United Nations,   pp. 1-869 PDF (338.7 MB)

Page 13

positions that would alienate the Asian members, especially India, and
at times the older dominions support the UK in this effort. Thus at
the January 1951 London Conference of Prime Ministers which con-
sidered the Chinese Communist intervention in Korea, the Common-
wealth as a whole agreed that all possibilities of diplomatic
negotiation with Stalin2 and Mao3 should be exhausted and that any
action tending to provoke further intervention by the PRC should be
avoided. The Asian Commonwealth components undoubtedly exerted
an important restraining influence even on those members which ordi-
narily are western oriented. This development contributed to a slow-
ing down of the UN's reaction to Peiping's aggression, although the
UK and the older dominions ultimately supported the condemnation
of the PRC and the GA's recommendation of a selective embargo. The
influence of the Asian members will continue to make itself felt in the
attitude of the Commonwealth as a whole on issues involving interna-
tional security, whenever there is general agreement among the mem-
bers that the US is acting rashly and pressing too hard for UN action.
However, this influence will not separate the UK and the older
dominions from the US in the event of a showdown with the USSR.
At the same time, the older members of the Commonwealth recipro-
cally exert some moderating influence on the extremism of the anti-
Western views of India and Pakistan, and the Commonwealth itself
is a potential medium for presenting the US viewpoint to the Asian
dominions through those western oriented spokesmen.
   The declining military position of the UK has weakened the once
 powerful unifying force of common defense objectives in the Common-
 wealth. At the same time, the older dominions have come to look
 increasingly to the US as the keystone of collective defense. This de-
 velopment lessens"the possibility of any difference between the US
 and the Commonwealth as a whole on basic issues of collective security.
 In the economic and social fields, Commonwealth ties are stronger
 than in the political and military spheres since all members except
 Canada participate in the sterling bloc and imperial preference draws
 their economies together. For this reason, the US will frequently find
 itself at odds with the Commonwealth in the economic and social
 organs of the UN over such issues as trade restrictions, discrimina-
 tion against the dollar and allocation of scarce raw materials.
 7The Latiln Amercaln States
   The twenty Latin American (LA) republics constitute the largest
 UN bloc numerically and are therefore of commanding importance.
   2 Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin, Chairman of the U.S.S.R. Council of Ministers,
 and Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of
 Soviet Union.
   'Mao Tse-tung, Chairman of the Central People's Government Council, People's
 Republic of China, and Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist
 Party of China.

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