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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1951. The United Nations; the Western Hemisphere

The United Nations,   pp. 1-869 PDF (338.7 MB)

Page 11

issues constitute the major source of Arab resentment against the:
US, which is prominently identified with the establishment and en-
couragement of Israel. Wide gaps between US aims in the UN and
those of the Arab bloc may be expected to continue with respect to
Arab resistance to any final peace with Israel, the disposition of the
Palestinian Arab refugees and freedom of transit of Suez. As part of
larger group of former colonies the Arab states will oppose "colonial-
ism" and "imperialism", often embarrassing the US in its efforts
harmonize the conflicting interests of the major colonial powers and
the anti-colonial states. Disagreement between the Arab states and the
US is likely to arise over the future of North African territories such
as Libya, French Morocco and Tunisia where the Arab states support
the nationalist demands of the Islamic populations. As under-
developed countries, they tend to advance exaggerated claims for
economic and developmental aid which may be more visionary than
realistic. Partly in retaliation against the US role in Palestine and
partly as a result of their weak and exposed position, the Arab states
also have to a considerable degree manifested "neutralist" tendencies
in the East-West conflict and, after the Chinese Communist inter-
vention in the Korean war,. they joined with the Asian group in
attempting to conciliate between the belligerents. However, such neu-
tralism is largely tactical and opportunistic rather than rooted in
The Asian Group
   Unlike the Arab states, there is no formally organized Asian bloc,
 but rather a group of Asian UN members sharing a broadly common
 outlook on a number of international issues which permits them to
 work together on a loose ad hoe basis. Of the nine Asian members of
 the UN, only five (Afghanistan, Burma, India, Indonesia, Pakistan)
 seem to fall clearly within the so-called Asian group since the re-
 mnainder have to a larger degree displayed a pro-Western orientation.
 Rival-ambitions for leadership, differing attitudes vis-h-vis the cold
 war and the. antagonism between India and Pakistan have defeated
 numerous efforts to establish a formal Asian regional organization.
 Nevertheless in December 1950. under Indian leadership, a coin-
 bination of twelve Asian and Arab states interceded vigorously in
 the UN to seek a Korean cease-fire and peace together with a general
 settlement of Far Eastern problems including Formosa and Chinese
 representation in the T .. A1thou.h this initiative failed largely on
 account ;of Chinese Communist truculence, it afforded the members
 of the Asian group an opportunity to express their deep rooted
 neutralism in the East-West conflict. From this neutralist sentiment,
 shared by all members of the group in varying degrees, and from a
 closely related distrust of the West, stem sharp disagreement with

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