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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1950. The United Nations; the Western Hemisphere

The United Nations,   pp. 1-582 PDF (227.0 MB)

Page 4

gress (81st Congress, 1st Session), a subcommittee of the Foreign
Relations Committee of the Senate was established under the chair-
manship of Senator Elbert D. Thomas, to consider the various
resolutions. The hearings of this subcommittee were held February 2-
20, 1950; and are printed in 81st Congress, 2d Session, Revision of the
United Nations Charter, Hearings before a Subcommittee of the
Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate (Washington,
Government Printing Office, 1950) (hereafter cited as Hearings).
   These resolutions included the following: Senate Concurrent Reso-
 lution 52 (the Thomas-Douglas or "Article 51" resolution), Senate
 Concurrent Resolution 56 (the Tobey or "World Federalist" resolu-
 tion), Senate Resolution 133 (the Sparkman resolution or the "ABC
 proposal"), Senate Concurrent Resolution 57 (the Kefauver or
 "Atlantic Union" resolution), Senate Concurrent Resolution 66
 Taylor or "World Constitution" resolution), Senate Concurrent
 Resolution 12 (the Fulbright-Thomas or "European Federation"-
 resolution), and Senate Concurrent Resolution 72 (the Ferguson
 resolution). The texts of these resolutions are printed in Hearings,
 pages 2 and 3, 73, 171 and 172, 227 and 228, 317, 344, and 347 and
 348, respectively.
   Though opposed to all of the resolutions except Senate Concurrent
Resolution 72, the Department of State took the position that the
resolutions were the legislative expression of a great national debate,
not just on United States foreign policy but also on American con-
stitutional organization (national sovereignty) itself. The occasion
was seized by the Executive to reaffirm in the strongest terms the
centrality of the United Nations in the theory and practice of United
States foreign policy. This State Department position was set forth
to the subcommittee on February 15, 1950, by two ranking officers of
the Department, Dean Rusk, Deputy Under Secretary of State for
policy matters, and John D. Hickerson, Assistant Secretary of State
for United Nations Affairs.
  Rusk's approach was general and rather philosophical. The sub-
committee was "rendering a notable public service by its careful and
thorough examination of these questions." (Hearings, page 379) The
Department of State considered it "significant" that none of the
resolutions before the subcommittee proposed United States with-
drawal from its new international responsibilities. "We take that to
mean that the people of this country have reached a basic under-
standing that the fate of this Nation is interwoven with events beyond
our borders and that our safety, liberty, and well-being require us to
act as a-part of the world about us." (ibid., page 379) Repeatedly,
his long statement to the subcommittee (ibid., pages 377-414, passim),

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