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United States Department of State / Foreign relations of the United States, 1950. National security affairs; foreign economic policy

United States policy at the United Nations with respect to the regulation of armaments and collective security: the international control of atomic energy; regulation of conventional armaments; efforts to implement article 43 of the United Nations charter by placing armed forces at the disposal of the Security Council,   pp. 1-125 PDF (51.4 MB)

Page 20

  Mr. Nash said that he presumed that when the Commission resumed
its work, item 3 of the plan of work would be taken up. He referred
to memoranda and letters on safeguards which had been prepared in
1947 and 1948, particularly a memorandum of the French Delegation
of September 22, 1947.5 He thought that it would be desirable for any
delegation to submit papers on safeguards which wished to do so. The
Commission ought to be able to complete its work on safeguards
before the meeting of the G.A. next autumn. Due to the inactivity of
the Atomic Energy Commission, more attention would, perhaps, be
paid to conventional armaments this year. He felt that conventional
armaments must be regarded as part of an overall effort, together
with atomic energy and Article 43 forces; they were parallel efforts
which eventually would have to be integrated in an overall plan for
collective security.
  Mr. Cole said that the Foreign Office in a telegram of last August
had approved of an examination of safeguards. He agreed that the
Commission should resume its work on item 3. His delegation was not
particularly anxious to have a meeting of the Commission arranged
for the immediate future. He was not sure that the Foreign Office was
ready for a discussion of item 4; he did not think that the C.C.A.
could carry its work to a point comparable to that reached by the
Atomic Energy Commission, as this raised the question of quotas, i.e.
the proportions by which armaments would be reduced.
  Mr. Nash agreed that it would be necessary to see what the situation
was when the time to discuss item 4 arrived. In view of the U.S.S.R.
opposition, there was obviously nothing to be done with the census
and verification proposals at this time, but the work which had been
done in 1949 would nevertheless be valuable in the consideration of
  Baron de la Tournelle said that in taking up the question of safe-
guards, he would like to pursue the views of the U.S.S.R. on the
question of "control," i.e., inspection and verification. He thought
would be useful to put the hypothetical inquiry to the Russians
whether, in connection with their one-third disarmament proposals,6
  For text, see S/C.3/27, August 4, 1948, First Progress Report of the Working
Committee of the Commission for Conventional Armaments, Covering the Period
20 August 1947-2 August 1948, Annex VI, pp. 20-22. For documentation on the
work of the CCA in 1947, see Foreign Relations, 1947, vol. i, pp. 327 if.;
the work of the Commission in 1948, see ibid., 1948, vol. i, Partý
1, pp. 311 ff.
  . During the Third Session of the General Assembly, Paris, 1948, the Soviet
Union introduced a resolution proposing the prohibition of atomic weapons
the reduction of the armaments and armed forces of the permanent members
of the Security Council by one-third. For the text of the Soviet resolution
(September 25, 1948), see ibid., p. 431.

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